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Ю. Б. Голицынский. Грамматика.
Это новое издание известного пособия будет одинаково полезно и школьникам, и взрослым - всем, кто хочет овладеть в совершенстве английским языком, занимаясь самостоятельно. |
Пособие содержит практические упражнения различной степени сложности по основным разделам школьного курса английского языка.
Ответы помогут проверить правильность выполнения упражнений, систематизировать и углубить знания школьной программы по английскому языку.
USA UK spelling difference
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Упражнение 11. This is a pen. That is a pencil. 2. This is a book. It is my book. 3. Is this your pencil? — No, it isn't my pencil, it is my sister's pencil. 4. I have a sister. My sister is an engineer. My sister's husband is a doctor. They have got two children. 5. This is a girl. This girl is their daughter. Their daughter's name is Vera. 6. That is a boy. That boy is her brother. Her brother's name is Nick. 7. This is our flat. 8. We have got a car. Our car is not expensive but reliable. 9. I have no pet. 10. My granny has got a headache. She has no idea what to do. 11. I have a friend. His name is Mike. My friend is very good. 12. It's a cat. Its tail is long and bushy. It's Mike's cat.
Упражнение 2l. When is your birthday? — My birthday is (on) the first of May. 2. Do you remember your mother's birthday? — Yes, I do. 3. His uncle is generous and her aunt is very kind. 4. That man is very clever. His book is recognized by a lot of people. 5. They know our address. 6. Their son speaks English very well. 7. My cousin's dog is small. Its hair is curly. 8. Is this a watch? — No, it isn't a watch, it's a pen. 9. This pen is good, and that pen is bad. 10. I can see a pencil on your table, but I can see no paper. 11. Give me a chair, please. 12. They have a dog and two cats. 13. I have a spoon in my soup plate, but I have no soup in it. 14. My friend says he is going to be a millionaire one day. 15. Would you like an orange? 16. Mr Smith is an artist, Mrs Smith is a poetess. She is not a singer.
Упражнение 31. He hasn't got a car. But he's got a computer. The computer is new. 2. His friends have got a cat and a dog. The dog never bites the cat. 3. This is a tree. The tree is green. 4. I can see three boys. The boys are playing. 5. I have a bicycle. The bicycle is black. My friend has no bicycle. 6. Our room is large. 7. We wrote a dictation yesterday. The dictation was long, 8. She has two daughters and one son. Her son is a pupil. 9. Last year I gave my mother a bracelet for her birthday. She liked the bracelet. 10. My brother's friend has no dog. 11. This pencil is broken. Give me that pencil, please. 12. She has a ball. The ball is big. 13. I got a letter from my friend yesterday. The letter was interesting. 14. When they were in Geneva, they stayed at a hotel. Sometimes they had dinner at the hotel and sometimes in a restaurant. 15. I've got an idea. 16. What a surprise! Our parents gave us a DVD player for Christmas.
Упражнение 41. This is a pen. The pen is red. 2. These are pencils. The pencils are black. 3. This is soup. The soup is so tasty. 4. In the morning I eat a sandwich and drink tea. 5. She gave me coffee and a cake. The coffee was hot. The cake was very tasty. 6. Do you like ice cream? 7. I see a book in your hand. Is the book interesting? 8. Do you need a camera? 9. He never eats meat, he always eats vegetables, cereals, seeds, fruit, and nuts. He is a vegetarian. 10. This is a pineapple. The pineapple is delicious. 11. Elaine, apples are good for you! 12. My cousin is upset. He's got a sore throat. 13. This is cottage cheese. The cottage cheese is fresh. 14. She bought meat, butter and potatoes yesterday. She also bought a cake. The cake was delicious. We ate the cake and drank tea. 15. This is my table. On the table I have books, two pencils, a pen and paper. 16. This is a bag. The bag is brown. It is my sister's bag. And this is my bag. It is yellow.
Упражнение 51. I have two sisters. My sisters are students. 2. We are at home. 3. My brother is not at home, he is at school. 4. My mother is at work. She is a doctor. 5. I am not a doctor. 6. He has no sister. 7. He is not a pilot. 8. I have thirty-two teeth. 9. He has a child. 10. She has two children. Her children are at school. 11. Is your father at home? — No, he is at work. 12. Where is your brother? — He is at home. Top
Упражнение 61. We have a large family. 2. My granny often tells us long interesting stories. 3. My father is an engineer. He works in a factory. The factory is large. 4. My mother is a doctor. She works at a large hospital. She is at work now. 5. My aunt is a teacher. She works at a school. The school is good. My aunt isn't at school now. She is at home. She is drinking tea and eating jam. The jam is sweet. I am at home, too. I am drinking tea and eating a sandwich. The sandwich is tasty. 6. My sister is at school. She is a pupil. 7. My cousin has a big black cat. My cousin's cat has two kittens. The cat likes milk. The kittens like milk, too. 8. I am an engineer. 9. My son is a pupil. 10. He is a good pupil. 11. This is a house. 12. This is my laptop. 13. You have some pencils, but I have no pencil. Give me a pencil, please. 14. It's a small animal that has long ears, a short tail, and soft hair.
Упражнение 71. What's the weather like today? — The weather is fine. 2. The sun is yellow. 3. The sky is grey today. 4. The Earth is a planet. 5. We had an English lesson yesterday. The teacher asked me many questions. The questions were difficult. 6. Where is your brother? — He is at home. He is in his room. He is sitting at the table. He is doing his homework. The homework is difficult. 7. Our cat is sitting on the sofa. 8. It is very dark in the room. Turn on the light, please. 9. Nick went into the bathroom, turned on the water and washed his hands. 10. Ann turned on the television to watch the evening news. 11. She doesn't often watch television. 12. You can't see the moon in the sky tonight.
Упражнение 81. This is a good book. Take the book from the table. Put this book in the bookcase. 2. The weather is fine today. The sky is blue. The sun is shining brightly in the blue sky. 3. This is a boy. The boy is at school. He is a pupil. This boy is my brother's friend. He has a cat, but he has no dog. He likes his cat. He gives the cat milk every day. 4. Yesterday I received a letter from my friend. The letter was important. 5. We live in a big house. I like the house very much. 6. Are you a worker? — No, I am a student. 7. I like your beautiful flower. Give me the flower, please. 8. My mother is at home. She is reading a marvellous story. 9. My father is not at home. He is at work. He is not a lawyer. He is a doctor. He is a good doctor. He works at a hospital. The hospital is large. 10. That is a book. The book is thick. That book isn't thin. This is an interesting thick book. 11. Those are books. The books are new and old. Those are new and old books. Those books are interesting.
Упражнение 91. There is a big tree in the garden. 2. There is abank near here. — Where is the bank? 3. There is a new supermarket in the centre of our town. 4. There is a hotel over there. The hotel isn't cheap. 5. Where is the cat? — The cat is on the sofa. 6. Where is the book? — The book is on the shelf. 7. Where are the flowers? — The flowers are in a beautiful vase. 8. Where is the vase? — The vase is on a little table near the window. 9. Open the window, please. The weather is fine today. I can see the sun in the sky. I can see a nice little bird. The bird is sitting in a big tree. The tree is green. 10. There is a little white cloud in the sky. 11. What a beautiful day! 12. We have a large room. There is a big sofa in the room and a little lamp on the wall over the sofa. I like to sit on the sofa and read a good book. 13. This is a computer. The computer isn't old. This computer is new. This ia a good new computer. 14. These are computers. The computers are new. These aren't old computers. These are new computers. These computers are good.
Упражнение 101. There is a wonderful small computer in front of the books there. 2. Where is the soup? — The soup is in a big saucepan on the gas cooker. 3. Where are the cutlets? — The cutlets are in the refrigerator on a little plate. 4. There is no bread on the table. Where is the bread? 5. There is a little brown coffee table in our room in front of the sofa. 6. Where is the table in your room? 7. There is a thick carpet on the floor in my mother's room. 8. Is your brother at home? — No, he is at work. He works in a big factory. He is an engineer. 9. My sister has many books. The books are in a big bookcase. She has really good taste in books. 10. The weather is fine today. Let's go and play in the yard. There are many children in the yard. They are playing with a ball.
Упражнение 111. I see a bottle of pineapple juice on the kitchen table. 2. Her son has a great sense of humor. 3. There was a disco at the club last Sunday but he didn't go. 4. Is there a bus stop near the building? 5. We have a big dog. The dog is very clever. 6. My friend has a very good computer. 7. This boy is big. He is a student. 8. There is a large piano in the hall. 9. This is a tree and that is not a tree. It's a bush. 10. I am a boy. I am a pupil. I study at school. 11. My sister is at work. She is a secretary. She works for a new company. 12. This is a very difficult question. I don't know the answer to it. 13. Do you see a little girl with a big ball in her hands? She is a pupil of our school. 14. There was a beautiful flower in this vase yesterday. Where is the flower now? 15. Last year we were in Geneva. It is an exciting city to visit, but a very expensive place to live. Top
Упражнение 121. There is a jar of delicious orange marmelade in the middle of the shelf. 2. There is a big box of cereal to the right of you. 3. There is a bunch of bananas on the table. Don't keep them in the fridge. 4. There is a loaf of white bread on the upper shelf of the fridge. If you want your bread to be fresh, keep it only in the fridge. 5. Is there a bag of flour in the cupboard? 6. There was a bottle of drinking water in the corner of the kitchen. 7. There is a thick red carpet in my room. The carpet is on the floor in front of the sofa. 8. Where is the table in your brother's room? — His table is near the window. 9. I can see a fine vase on the shelf. There are lovely flowers in the vase. 10. They have no piano in their living room. 11. My uncle is married. He has a beautiful wife. They have a son, but they have no daughter. 12. I can see a nice coffee table in the middle of the room to the right of the door. It is black and red. I like the coffee table. 13. Our TV set is on a little table in the corner of the room. 14. There is a beautiful picture in my father's study. The picture is on the wall to the left of the window. 15. What a picture!
Упражнение 13My aunt's flat is in a new house. There is a living room, a bedroom, a study, a bathroom and a kitchen in the flat. The bedroom is a large room with two windows. The room is light as the windows are large. There are white curtains on the windows. There are two beds with large pillows on them. There are small tables near the beds. There are lamps on them. To the left of the door there is a dressing table with a mirror on it. There is a low chair at the dressing table. There are several pictures on the pale green walls. There is a thick carpet on the floor. The carpet is dark green. The room is very cosy.
Упражнение 141. There is a park behind the hospital. There are (some) beautiful trees in the park. 2. There is a good film on TV this evening. I am going to watch it. 3. There is a library between the school and the bank. There are (some) English and German books in this library. 4. There is a sofa in the corner of the room. 5. There are (some) cushions on the sofa. 6. There are (some) books on the shelf. Give me a book, please. 7. What can you see in the fridge? — There is (some) sausage on the top shelf, but there is no cheese there. There is (some) butter in the butter dish. There are (some) tomatoes and (some) carrots on the bottom shelf. There are (some) eggs and (some) apples on the next shelf. There is an orange, a lemon, and (some) jam in a little jar there. 8. There is (some) juice in this carton. May I drink the juice? 9. There are (some) girls in the yard, but I can see no boys. Where are the boys? — Oh, all the boys are playing football at the stadium. 10. There is a peculiar charm in her voice. 11. There is (some) money in the purse.
Упражнение 151. Where is the bus station? — The bus station is next to the gas station. 2. There are two pets in the house: a cat and a dog. 3. There is a TV antenna on the roof. 4. There is a mailbox between the building and the bus stop. 5. There is a big dog in front of the fireplace. 6. Do you speak English at work? 7. She had a bad day today. 8. I have a colour TV set. The TV set is on a little table in the corner of the room. 9. There is a book, a pen, and (some) paper on my writing desk. 10. My brother is a teacher. He works at a school. He has very good books. His books are in a big bookcase. 11. There is (some) tea in my glass. There is no tea in my friend's glass. His glass is empty. 12. Where is the coffee table in your room? — The coffee table is in front of the sofa. There is a cup on the coffee table and a box of chocolates. There is (some) coffee in the cup. 13. There are (some) photographs and (some) newspapers on the sofa. 14. There is a guitar on the chair near the piano. 15. There was a piano in the corner of the living room. He sat at the piano for hours, playing favourite pieces from classical music. He was a wonderful piano player.
Упражнение 161. Every day my brother and I get up at eight o'clock and walk to school. I like school. It's fun. My brother loves football. He hates homework. So he doesn't like to go to school. Will he go to work in the future? 2. My friend has to get up early in the morning because he goes to school. That's why he usually goes to bed early in the evening. 3. The weather was very bad in the morning yesterday. The sky was grey and it was raining. But in the middle of the day the weather began to change. The rain stopped and the sun appeared from behind the clouds. In the afternoon it was very warm. I did not want to stay at home and went into the yard. There were boys and girls in the yard. We played in the yard till late in the evening. When I came home, I drank tea, ate a sandwich and went to bed at once. I slept very well at night.Top
Упражнение 171. My brother is a pupil. He goes to school. He goes to school in the morning. He has five or six lessons every day. In the afternoon he goes home. At home he does his homework. In the evening he reads books. He usually goes to bed at half past ten. At night he sleeps. 2. My father goes to work in the morning and comes home in the evening. 3. I get up at half past seven in the morning and go to bed at a quarter to eleven in the evening. 4. When does your mother leave home for work? — She leaves home for work at a quarter past eight. 5. When do you leave home for school? — I leave home for school at half past eight. 6. What do you do when you come home from school? — I do my homework, talk to my friends on the phone and go for walks. I often listen to music. I like jazz best. Sometimes I play computer games.
Упражнение 181. We always go to the Russian Museum on Sunday. 2. On Saturday she usually goes to the Philharmonic. 3. In August he has his birthday. He is planning to have a nice party with his friends. 4. There are three rooms and a kitchen in our new flat. 5. My new dress is made of silk. 6. If you want to write something on the blackboard, you must have a piece of chalk. 7. Are there any pupils in the classroom? 8. I have a new English book. I find the book quite fascinating. 9. There is a garden in front of our school. The garden is not large, but it is very nice. 10. May is the fifth month of the year. 11. Saturday is the sixth day of the week. 12. Sunday is a day off. 13. Today is the ninth of May. Anton has got a new mobile phone. He is going to make a phone call to his grandfather. 14. This is a nice place. In June we are going there for a holiday. It'll be great fun.
Упражнение 191. This is a classroom. The classroom is large and light. 2. There is a picture on the wall. 3. What is the date today? It is the seventh of December. 4. The third lesson today is a lesson of English. 5. Pete, go to the blackboard. 6. After school I usually go home. 7. My father always comes from work late: at eight o'clock or at half past eight. But on Friday he comes home early: at half past four or at a quarter to five. On Saturday and on Sunday he does not go to work. 8. My friends live in a small town. It is a new town. The streets in the town are broad and straight. There are beautiful buildings in them. The town is very green, and so the air is fresh. There are (some) beautiful parks and gardens in the town. People like to go there after work. In the evening you can hear the sounds of music from the parks. There are (some) schools, (some) libraries, a supermarket, a hospital, a theatre, (some) cinemas, (some) clinics and (some) kindergartens in the town.
Упражнение 20I go to school in the morning, so I get up early. I usually get up at a quarter past seven. I go to the bathroom, turn on the water and wash my face and hands. My father and mother also get up early in the morning. My mother works in an office. She is a typist. My father is a doctor. He works at a hospital. We have breakfast in the kitchen. We eat porridge and eggs. We drink tea. My father and mother leave home for work at half past eight. My father goes to the hospital, and my mother goes to the office. I don't leave home with my parents: the school where I study is near our house. I leave home for school at a quarter to nine. My granny stays at home and cooks dinner. I have lunch at school after the third lesson. My father and mother have lunch at work. When we come home, we have dinner.
Упражнение 211. Every day my husband goes to work, my son goes to school and I go to the institute. 2. There is a new school at the corner of our street. 3. My daughter came home from school on Monday and said to me, "There will be a parents' meeting on the tenth of February at six o'clock in the evening." 4. The teacher read us a very interesting story at the lesson. 5. When the bell rang, the pupils went into the classroom. 6. We are usually at school from nine o'clock in the morning till two o'clock in the afternoon. 7. We don't go to school on Sunday. 8. We stay at home and relax. I like to read books for relaxation.Top
Упражнение 221. What do you do after breakfast? — After breakfast I go to school. 2. My granny likes to read a book after lunch. 3. People usually have breakfast in the morning. They have dinner in the afternoon. In the evening people have supper. 4. There is a proverb: "After dinner sleep awhile, after supper walk a mile." 5. Who cooks dinner in your family? 6. Yesterday father told us a very amusing story at breakfast. 7. What did you have for lunch at school on Wednesday? — We had salad and tea. 8. My mother never has supper with the family because she does not like to eat in the evening. 9. When do you clean your teeth in the morning: before breakfast or after breakfast? 10. I make cakes for tea.
Упражнение 231. For breakfast I have coffee with milk and sugar. I have jam, too. There are different things on the dinner table. There is (some) bread, (some) butter and (some) ham. There are (some) cups and (some) glasses there. There is a jug on the table. The milk in the jug is hot. There is a teapot on the table. There is tea in the teapot. The tea is hot, too. There are (some) plates, (some) forks and (some) knives on the table. 2. The lamp is on the table. 3. There is a lamp on the table. 4. Is there a lamp on the table? 5. Is the lamp on the table? 6. Is there a clock on the wall? 7. There are two shelves on the wall. 8. Where are the shelves? — The shelves are on the wall. 9. They have a large flat. There are four rooms in the flat. 10. Is the newspaper on the table? 11. Is there a newspaper on the table? 12. There is (some) butter on the plate. 13. Where is the butter? — The butter is on a little plate. 14. There is (some) white and brown bread on the table. 15. What time do you usually have dinner? — We eat dinner at five. 16. We often have fish for dinner.
Упражнение 241. Pete has a small family. He has a father and a mother. He has no brother, but he has a sister. His sister is a pupil. She is a good girl. She has many Russian books, but she has no English books. 2. There is a writing desk in the room. The writing desk is good. There is a lamp on the writing desk. 3. My uncle has a large family. They are six in the family. 4. My father is an engineer. He works in a big factory. 5. We have a good library. Our books are in a big bookcase. 6. Is your sister married? 7. What do you do after breakfast? — I go to school. 8. When do you come home? — I come home at half past two. 9. Do you like to watch TV in the evening? 10. He watches television all day. I never do it. I can't watch TV very often. But tonight I can spend the evening in front of the box, because there is a very exciting film on. It is "My Fair Lady" with Rex Harrison and Audrey Hepburn. I love it. 11. We bought a new telly last week. 12. Is there anything good on telly tonight?
Упражнение 251. My aunt and my uncle are doctors. They work at a hospital. They get up at seven o'clock in the morning. They go to bed at eleven o'clock. 2. I work in the morning and in the afternoon. I don't work in the evening. I sleep at night. 3. When do you leave home for school? — I leave home at a quarter past eight in the morning. 4. What does your mother do after breakfast? — She goes to work. 5. Is there a sofa in your living room? — Yes, there is a cosy little sofa in the living room. — Where is the sofa? — It is in the corner of the room to the left of the door. I like to sit on this sofa in front of the TV set in the evening. 6. There is a nice coffee table near the window. There are (some) newspapers on the coffee table. 7. There is (some) tea in the cup. 8. When do you watch TV? — I watch TV in the evening. We have a large colour TV set in our room. There is a beautiful vase on the TV set. There are (some) flowers in the vase. 9. I have a large writing desk in the study. There is (some) paper on the writing desk. My books and exercise books are on the writing desk, too.
Упражнение 26My friend's flat is very comfortable. There are three rooms in the flat: a living room, a study and a bedroom. The living room is not very large. The walls in the living room are blue. There are (some) pictures on the walls. There is a table in the middle of the room with some chairs around it. To the left of the door there is a sofa. Near the sofa there are two large armchairs. They are very comfortable. There is a piano in my friend's living room. The piano is to the right of the door. The bedroom and the study are small. The furniture in the flat is brown.
Упражнение 271. What colour is your new hat? — It's red. 2. Is there a refrigerator in your kitchen? 3. Where is the refrigerator in your kitchen? — It is in the corner of the kitchen. 4. There are (some) flowers in our living room. The flowers are in a beautiful vase. 5. I have (some) tea in my cup. 6. He has no coffee in his cup. 7. What book did you borrow from the library on Tuesday? 8. I have (some) books, exercise books and pens in my bag. 9. I am an engineer. I work in an office. I go to the office in the morning. As the office is far from the house I live in, I take a bus to get there. 10. What bus do you take to get to work? 11. Whose pen is this? 12. What colour is your new T-shirt? — It's white. 13. She is going to a music shop to buy a cassette. — What cassette is she going to buy? 14. That's the man whose computer was stolen last night. 15. What books do you like to read? 16. I don't know what music you are listening to.
Упражнение 28Here is a large window. Through the window we can see a room. Opposite the window there is a door. On the door there is a curtain. In the corner of the room there is a round table. On it we can see (some) books and atelephone. There is a bookshelf over the table. On the bookshelf we can see (some) newspapers and a book by Jack London. There are two pictures in the room. One picture is small, the other picture is very large. There are two bookcases in the room. The bookcases are full of books. There is a large sofa in the room. On the sofa we can see a bag. Whose bag is that? There is no bed in the room. On a small table near the window there are (some) flowers and a glass of water. In front of the window we can see an armchair. It is a comfortable armchair.Top
Упражнение 291. English is a world language. 2. I study English. I attend English classes in the evening. On the days when I have no classes, I stay at home and do some work about the house. I have dinner with my family. After dinner I talk to the members of my family, watch TV and read books, newspapers and magazines. I go to bed late at night. 3. I am thirsty. Give me some water, please. 4. There is a book on the table. Give me the book, please. 5. I enjoy listening to music but I don't really like the music which that man performs on his guitar. 6. What did you have for lunch? — I only had a tuna sandwich. 7. He is a wonderful teacher. He teaches English. 8. His son is planning to get a degree in computer science.
Упражнение 301. When my grandfather was a young man, he studied physics. 2. Do you speak Spanish? 3. My uncle is a great specialist on English literature. 4. Japanese is more difficult than French. 5. We listened to a very interesting lecture on English history yesterday. 6. Yesterday at the lesson of geography the teacher told us (some) very interesting things about famous travellers. 7. My father speaks English and French, but he does not speak German. 8. We had a lesson of mathematics yesterday. We wrote a paper in mathematics. The teacher said, "I shall correct the papers in the evening. Tomorrow you will know the results". 9. My brother is an expert on geology. He enjoys the beauties of nature in Siberia. 10. My friend is studying law.
Упражнение 311. Do you play the piano? 2. There is a big black piano in our living room. It is at the wall to the left of the door opposite the sideboard. My mother likes to play the piano. She often plays the piano in the evening. 3. Boys like to play football. 4. What do you do in the evening? — I often play chess with my grandfather. 5. Where are the children? — Oh, they are out of doors. The weather is fine today. They are playing badminton in the yard. 6. What games does your sister like to play? — She likes to play tennis. 7. Do you like to play the guitar? 8. What colour is your guitar? 9. My name is Charlie. I come from a pretty big family. I have two brothers and a sister. My sister plays the violin really well and wants to be a professional musician. She has other hobbies, too, and she often goes swimming with her friends if the weather is nice. After work I like to relax. I play the piano for relaxation. On Sunday my brothers and I play golf if there is time.
Упражнение 32It was a hot day. The sun was shining brightly in the blue sky. A wolf and a lamb met at a stream. The water in the stream was cool and clear. The wolf saw that the lamb was fat and wanted to eat it. He began to shout, "You, fool, you are making the water dirty!" The lamb was afraid. It looked at the wolf and said in a thin voice, "But, Mr Wolf, I cannot make the water dirty for you from the place where I am standing, because the stream runs from you to me." "Stop talking!" shouted the wolf in an angry voice. "I know you! I met you six months ago, and you were very rude to me."
"You are wrong, Mr Wolf," cried the lamb, "you could not have met me six months ago: I am only four months old." "Never mind," said the wolf, "if it wasn't you, it was your brother." And with these words he seized the poor lamb and carried it into the wood.
Упражнение 331. Bill Robins was a very rich man. He was the richest man in the village. 2. Pete is the tallest boy in our class. Nick is the shortest boy, but he is very strong. He is stronger than many boys who are taller than he. I think Nick is the strongest boy in the class. 3. Granny often tells us long stories. Today her story was still longer. It was the longest story. She began telling it after dinner and finished only before supper. But the story was very interesting. I think it was the most interesting of Granny's stories. 4. Which was the most difficult exercise in the paper? 5. Which is the best season of the year? 6. February is the shortest month of the year. 7. Do you know the longest river in our country? 8. In May the days are longer than in April. 9. He is the most intelligent person I know.
Упражнение 341. Moscow is situated on the Moscow River. The Moscow is a river that moves very slowly. There is a canal called the Moscow-Volga Canal which joins the Moscow to the Volga. The Volga runs into the Caspian Sea.
2. Several rivers run into the sea at New York. The most important is the Hudson River which empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Besides the Hudson there are two other rivers: the East River and the Harlem River.
3. In Siberia there are many long rivers: the Ob, the Irtysh, the Yenissei, the Lena and the Amur.
4. The Altai Mountains are higher than the Urals.
5. There is a splendid view of Lake Geneva from this hotel.
6. My friends have travelled a lot. This year they are going to fly to the Canary Islands.
7. Which river flows through London? — The Thames.
8. Of which country is Washington the capital? — The United States.
9. The United Kingdom consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
10. Chicago is on Lake Michigan.Top
Упражнение 35Veliky Novgorod is the most important city of North-Western Russia and the administrative centre of Novgorod Oblast. The city lies along the Volkhov River just below its outflow from Lake Ilmen.
Novgorod was the second main city after Kiev in Russia in the mid centuries. It was a rich and powerful city, and the State of Novgorod was as large as the present Sweden. Its power was based on the international trade. Novgorod was the main Russian port for many centuries and was important for Baltic sea trade.
Nowdays, Veliky Novgorod is a small, calm town in the provinces, with splendid old Russian architecture, interesting museums, fresh air, many trees, and nice and helpful people. I like this town very much. I like the people there.
In 2009, Novgorod marked 1150 years since it was first mentioned in 859 in the most ancient national texts — the Russian Primary Chronicles. The event was granted national status and was organized with the participation of the Russian President and the Federal Government. The celebration lasted for a whole week. The programme was filled with performances, exhibitions, and fairs. A fireworks and laser show brought huge crowds to the Volkhov River on Saturday and Sunday nights. Skydivers and a show by vintage planes graced the skies over the river area on Sunday. Many of these events were covered by news media and shown on TV.
Упражнение 361. The Thames is a short river. 2. Russia is washed by the Arctic Ocean in the north. 3. Kiev is to the south of Moscow. 4. Europe is a continent. 5. Moscow is the capital of Russia. 6. Is Asia an island or a continent? 7. The Black Sea is in the south of our country. 8. The White Sea is in the north of our country. 9. The Philippines are situated to the southeast of Asia. 10. This is a map of the world. Can you read maps? What can you see on the map? What colour are the valleys on the map? 11. Petrov is an architect. He is an experienced architect. He is in the Far East. He has a beautiful wife. His wife is a dentist. They have a son and a daughter.
Упражнение 371. The Neva flows into the Gulf of Finland. 2. The Pacific Ocean is very deep. 3. The Urals are not very high. 4. Elbrus is the highest peak of the Caucasus; but it's the highest mountain in Europe too. 5. The Alps are covered with snow. 6. The Shetland Islands are situated to the north of Great Britain. 7. Is Canada the largest country in America? 8. The Crimea ia washed by the Black Sea. 9. Lake Baikal is the deepest lake in the world. 10. Is Paris the capital of France? 11. Lomonosov was born in a small village on the shore of the White Sea. 12. Gogol was born in the Ukraine in 1809. 13. The Caucasus separates the Black Sea from the Caspian Sea. 14. Europe and America are separated by the Atlantic Ocean. 15. The Baltic Sea is stormy in winter. 16. There are many small islands in the Pacific Ocean. 17. The North Sea separates the British Isles from Europe. 18. The Balkans are old mountains. 19. The Nile flows across the northeastern part of Africa to the Mediterranean Sea. 20. Which are the highest mountains in Russia? 21. When was she in the USA? 22. When was he in Ethiopia?
Упражнение 381. Russia occupies the eastern half of Europe and the northern third of Asia. 2. The climate of the northern part of Russia is severe. 3. This winter is a true Russian winter with hard frosts. 4. It is warm in the Crimea and the Caucasus. 5. Washington is the capital of the United States of America. 6. I want to go to New York some day. 7. The best way to know and understand the people of other countries is to meet them in their own homes. 8. Is Australia an island or a continent? 9. The Red Sea is between Africa and Asia. 10. France is to the north of Italy. Paris is the capital of France. 11. There are seven continents on the Earth.
Упражнение 39The XXI Olympic Winter Games were a major international sport event held on February 12-28, 2010, in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Approximately 2,600 athletes from 82 nations participated in 86 events in fifteen disciplines. The 2010 Winter Olympics were the third Olympics hosted by Canada, and the first by the province of British Columbia. Previously, Canada hosted the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Quebec and the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary, Alberta. For the first time, Canada won gold at an Olympic Games hosted at home. With 14, Canada broke the record for the most gold medals won at a single Winter Olympics, which was 13, set by the former Soviet Union in 1976 and Norway in 2002. The United States won the most medals in total and broke the record for the most medals won at a single Winter Olympics, with 37, which was held by Germany in 2002 at 36 medals. Athletes from Slovakia and Belorussia won the first Winter Olympic gold medals for their nations.
Упражнение 401. This is a pen. It is a good pen. The pen is black. It is on the table. 2. I have got a dog. The dog's name is Spot.. He is a big grey dog. The dog is very strong. 3. My friend has a sister. Her name is Ann. The girl is a pupil. 4. We have a picture in the living room. The picture is really very fine. It is on the wall. 5. The Irish Sea is between Great Britain and Ireland. 6. There is amap on the wall of the classroom. It is a map of the world. There are many seas and lakes on the map. This is the Mediterranean Sea and that is the Red Sea. These are the Himalayas. They are the highest mountains in the world. Everest, which is 8848 metres high, is the highest mountain in the world. 7. We live in St Petersburg. St Petersburg is a very large city. It is one of the largest cities in Russia. 8. My brother is a programmer. His flat is in the centre of the city. It is in a large building. There are three rooms in the flat. The living room is the largest of all. It is a nice light room. There are (some) pictures on the walls. There is a large oval mirror over the fireplace. There is a round table in the middle of the room. There is a sofa at the wall with a large thick carpet in front of it. The study and the bedroom are small, but very comfortable.Top
Упражнение 411. Did you have a good time in the country? — Oh, yes. The weather was fine. We were out of doors from morning till night. We played football, volleyball and other games. We came home late at night and went to bed at once. 2. Look at the clock! It is a quarter past ten. Go to bed at once. 3. The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 4. We spent last summer in the Ukraine, in a little village on the bank of a big river with very warm water. There was a wood on the other side of the river. We often went to the wood and gathered a lot of mushrooms. 5. My friend likes to play chess. He is ready to play chess all day long. He is the best chess player in our school.
Упражнение 421. Teckle comes from a very old country on the Nile. It is called Ethiopia. Ethiopia is a beautiful mountainous country. Teckle is a young man. He wants to become an engineer. He is very happy to be a student of St Petersburg University. He spends a lot of time at the library reading and studying different subjects. Very often in the evening his new friends and he walk around the city talking about their native countries. 2. Galina lives in the Ukraine. She lives in a small village near Odessa. She is a librarian. She always has a lot of work. Galina wants to enter Moscow University and now she is preparing for the entrance exams. 3. My friend lives in America. He is a student. He studies history at Harvard University. 4. Every year, thousands of students come to Cambridge from overseas to study English. Use, a German student, graduated from Cambridge University two years ago. What a talented girl!
Упражнение 43James Gordon Brown was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Labour Party. Brown became Prime Minister in June 2007, after Blair's resignation. Immediately before this he had served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Labour government from 1997 to 2007.
Brown has a PhD in history from the University of Edinburgh and spent his early career working as a television journalist. He has been a Member of Parliament since 1983. As Prime Minister, he also held the offices of First Lord of the Treasury and the Minister for the Civil Service.
After an initial rise in opinion polls, Brown's time as Prime Minister saw his approval ratings fall and the Labour Party suffered its worst local election results in 40 years. On 11 May 2010, Brown officially resigned as Prime Minister and leader of the Labour Party.
He was succeeded as Prime Minister by David Cameron. At the age of 43, Cameron became the youngest British Prime Minister and Leader of the Conservative Party.
Упражнение 44Barack Hussein Obama is the 44th President of the United States. He is the first African American to hold the office.
With a father from Kenya and a mother from Kansas, President Obama was born in Hawaii on August 4, 1961. He was raised with help from his grandfather, who served in the army, and his grandmother, who worked her way up from typing pool to middle management at a bank.
Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, where he was the president of the Harvard Law Review. He was a community organizer in Chicago before earning his law degree. He worked as a civil rights attorney there and taught constitutional law at the University of Ghicago Law School from 1992 to 2004.
Obama served three terms in the Illinois State Senate from 1997 to 2004. He cut taxes for working families, and expanded health care for children and their parents. He won election to the United States Senate in November 2004. Obama served as the junior United States Senator from Illinois, from January 2005 until he resigned after his election to the presidency in November 2008. He was elected the 44th President of the United States on November 4, 2008, and sworn in on January 20, 2009. Obama is also the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate. He and his wife, Michelle, are proud parents of two daughters, Malia, 10, and Sasha, 7. Top
Упражнение 45When we want to write a letter, we take a piece of paper and a pen. We first write our address and the date in the right-hand corner. We leave three blank lines between the date and the body of the letter. Then on the left-hand side we write a greeting. We may write, for instance, "My dear brother," "Dear Henry," etc., and then on the next line we begin the body of the letter. We must not forget to leave a margin on the left-hand side of the page. At the end of the letter we write "Yours," and then we sign our name. We put the letter in an envelope and close the envelope. On the envelope we write the name and address of the person who will receive it. We stick a stamp in the top right-hand corner, and then we post the letter.
Упражнение 46Once there lived a man who was very fond of gold. He used to say, "While I have my gold, I am the happiest man in the world." And so all his life he saved money. One day he was travelling in the desert of North Africa. He lost his way. He had no food or water. He was almost dying of hunger. He was so weak that he could not walk, he could only crawl. The heat was terrible. There were only stones and sand around. Just then he saw a bag lying on the sand. He hoped that he would find food in it and water, too. He crawled up to the bag and opened it. He saw that the bag was full of gold. What is the use of gold to a hungry man in a desert? He left the bag on the hot sand, crying bitterly, "I am the most unhappy man in the world."
Упражнение 471. Let's go to the shop. I must buy (some) bread and milk. 2. I was at the cinema yesterday. — What film did you see? — Oh, I saw a very good film. I think it is the best film of the year. 3. Do you often go to the theatre? — No, I don't. I like to go to the theatre, but I am very busy. I work from morning till night. I even have no time to play the piano. 4. Oleg has a lot of interesting books at home. 5. A lot of tourists from different countries come to St Petersburg. They want to see one of the most beautiful cities in the world. 6. My new friend said to me, "I am a first-year student at Harvard." 7. We went to the cinema in the evening. 8. What foreign languages does your father speak? — He speaks English. He studied English at school. 9. I am interested in biology. 10. We played tennis at the lesson of physical training yesterday. We had a good time. 11. Did you go for a walk yesterday? — No, we didn't. The weather was bad, and we went to the cinema. 12. What are your friends doing? — Mary is playing the piano. Tom and Nick are playing chess. 13. Do you go to the market to buy fish and fruit? 14. I usually buy all my vegetables at the market.
Упражнение 48Three men came to New York for a holiday. They came to a very large hotel and took a room there. Their room was on the forty-fifth floor. In the evening the friends went to the theatre and came back to the hotel very late. "I am very sorry," said the clerk of the hotel, "but the lifts do not work tonight. If you don't want to walk up to your room, we shall make beds for you in the hall." "No, no," said one of the friends, "no, thank you. We don't want to sleep in the hall. We shall walk up to our room." Then he turned to his friends and said, "It is not easy to walk up to the forty-fifth floor, but we shall make it easier. On the way to the room I shall tell you some jokes; then you, Andy, will sing us some songs; then you, Peter, will tell us some interesting stories." So they began walking up to their room. Tom told them many jokes; Andy sang some songs. At last they came to the thirty-sixth floor. They were tired and decided to have a rest. "Well," said Tom, "now it is your turn, Peter. After all the jokes, I would like to hear a sad story. Tell us a long and interesting story with a sad end." "The story which I am going to tell you," said Peter, "is sad enough. We left the key to our room in the hall."
Упражнение 49Swift, a famous English writer, was travelling one day on horseback with his servant. The weather was bad, it was raining, and the roads were muddy. In the evening the two men came to an inn. Before going to bed Swift told his servant to clean his boots. But the servant was lazy and did not do it. In the morning Swift asked the servant why he had not cleaned the boots. "What's the use cleaning the boots now?" said the servant. "The roads are muddy, and the boots will soon be dirty again," "All right," said the writer. "Let's go. We must continue the journey." "But I haven't had breakfast," said the displeased servant. "Well, what's the use giving you breakfast now?" said Swift. "You will soon be hungry again."
Упражнение 50In a small town in the East there once was a man who had a parrot. The parrot was taught to say the words: "There is no doubt about it." It used to repeat these words, all day long. Every time it was asked aquestion, it gave the same answer, "There is no doubt about it."
One day the man decided to sell the bird; so he put the parrot into the cage and went to the market with it. "Twenty pounds for a very clever parrot!" he cried. A man who was passing by heard this and turned to the parrot. "Are you worth twenty pounds?" he asked. "There is no doubt about it!" answered the parrot. "What a clever parrot!" said the man and bought the bird.
He took the parrot home and invited his friends to look at the clever bird. The friends came and looked at the parrot and talked to it. Now you must know that the man was not rich. In fact, he was often short of money. So a week or two later, sitting in an armchair and looking at the parrot, he said, "What a fool I was to throw away such a lot of money!" "There is no doubt about it!" cried the parrot. And this time the bird was right.
Признаки основных форм в глагольной системе английских времен.Грамматическая категория времени передает отношение действия к моменту речи. Соответственно, глагол может иметь формы настоящего, прошедшего и будущего времени. Название любого из двенадцати английских времен начинается с одного из трех слов: Present, Past, Future. Есть четыре вида настоящего, четыре вида прошедшего и четыре вида будущего, которые известны как Simple, Progressive, Perfect и Perfect Progressive. Особое внимание учащимся следует обратить на ключевые слова, так как именно они помогают сориентироваться, какой вид глагола в каждом времени следует использовать, чтобы точно передать смысл высказывания.
Признаки PROGRESSIVE (CONTINUOUS):