Главная Алфавит Ответы, Голицынский 100 неправильных глаголов Словарь с транскрипцией

Ю. Б. Голицынский. Грамматика.

Ключи к упражнениям

4-е издание 5-е издание6-е издание 7-е издание
1-50 1-50 1-50 1-50
50-100 50-100 50-100 50-100
100-150 100-150 100-150 100-150
150-200 150-200 150-200 150-200
200-250 200-250 200-250 200-250
250-300 250-300250-300 250-300
300-350 300-350 300-350 300-350
350-400 350-400 350-400 350-400
400-450 400-450 400-450 400-450
450-500 450-500 450-500 450-500
500-561 500-564500-564 500-567
Это новое издание известного пособия будет одинаково полезно и школьникам, и взрослым - всем, кто хочет овладеть в совершенстве английским языком, занимаясь самостоятельно.
Пособие содержит практические упражнения различной степени сложности по основным разделам школьного курса английского языка.
Ответы помогут проверить правильность выполнения упражнений, систематизировать и углубить знания школьной программы по английскому языку.

USA UK spelling difference

 UK USA
Behaviour  Behavior
Colour  Color
Counselling  counseling
Defence  defense
 Rumours Rumors
cheque check
chequer checker
cosy cozy
cipher, cypher cipher
doughnut doughnut, donut
draught draft
gauntlet gauntlet, gantlet
glycerine glycerin, glycerine
grey gray
jail, gaol jail
kerb curb
liquorice licorice
mollusc mollusk, mollusc
mould mold
moult molt
neurone, neuron neuron
omelette omelet, omelette
phoney phony
pyjamas pajamas
plough plow
sceptic (-al, -ism) skeptic (-al, -ism)
storey story
sulphur sulphur, sulfur
tyre tire
vice vise
yoghurt, yogurt yogurt

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Притяжательный падеж существительных

Упражнение 100

1. The dog's ball. 2. That man's skateboard. 3. The children's songs. 4. This woman's umbrella. 5. My friend's room. 6. My son's questions. 7. My brother's wife. 8. Our teacher's table. 9. Pushkin's poems. 10. This girl's voice. 11. The workers' new club. 12. Pete's letter. 13. My parents' car. 14. This woman's life. 15. These women's handbags. 16. My sister's flat is large. 17. My brother's children are at home. 18. The boys' room is large. 19. This girl's name is Jane. 20. These students' work is interesting. 21. My son's computer is modern. 22. He was my cousins' friend.

Упражнение 101

1. The cat's eyes are green. 2. The children's toys are in a big box. 3. My father's birthday is in May. 4. What a coincidence! This is my mother's favourite cake. 5. I love my husband's books. 6. What is that young man's name? 7. He showed me his sister's letter. 8. She took her brother's skates. 9. Give me your pupils' exercise books. 10. Bring the children's things. 11. Yesterday the children found a bird's nest. 12. This is my friend's family. My friend's father is an engineer. My friend's mother is a teacher. 13. Whose bag is this? — It is Tom's bag. 14. Whose dictionaries are these? — They are the students' dictionaries. 15. Have you seen our teacher's book? 16. I like this boy's handwriting. 17. I (can) hear my sister's voice. 18. She opened the window and heard the children's laughter and cries. 19. She put the boys' wet boots near the stove. 20. This is our grandmother's armchair. 21. I think the student's answer is excellent. 22. My husband knows a lot about Agatha Christie's detective novels. 23. Sunday was Diana's birthday. 24. We watched TV at my friend's house last night. 25. Lisa's dog jumped into the pond (pool) with us.

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МЕСТОИМЕНИЯ SOME, ANY, NO, EVERY И ИХ ПРОИЗВОДНЫЕ

Упражнение 102

1. some. 2. any. 3. no (some). 4. any, some. 5. any, any. 6. any, some. 7. any, some. 8. any, some. 9. some. 10. no. 11. any. 12. any, some. 13. no. 14. any. 15. any, any. 16. any, any, some, some, some. 17. some, any. 18. any, any. 19. any. 20. some, some, some, some, some, some, some, some, some. 21. any. 22. no.

Упражнение 103

1. any. 2. some. 3. some. 4. any. 5. no. 6. some (no). 7. any. 8. no. 9. some. 10. any. 11. no. 12. some. 13. some. 14. some. 15. some. 16. some. 17. any, some. 18. any. 19. some (no). 20. no.

Упражнение 104

1. no. 2. some; some. 3. any; any. 4. some. 5. some. 6. any. 7. V. 8. any. 9. some. 10. any. 11. V, V. 12. some. 13. V, V. 14. some. 15. V. 16. any. 17. some. 18. any. 19. some. 20. V. 21. any, some. 22 V.

Упражнение 105

1. everything. 2. anything. 3. something. 4. nothing, something. 5. anything, nothing. 6. anything, everything. 7. anything. 8. everything. 9. anything. 10. nothing. 11. something. 12. anything. 13. everything. 14. something. 15. everything.

Упражнение 106

1. anything. 2. everything. 3. something. 4. everything. 5. anything. 6. nothing. 7. anything, nothing. 8. something. 9. anything, something. 10. something. 11. everything. 12. something. 13. anything. 14. nothing. 15. nothing. 16. everything.

Упражнение 107

1. anybody. 2. everybody. 3. somebody (someone), nobody. 4. everybody, everybody. 5. someone. 6. nobody (no one). 7. anybody. 8. everybody (everyone). 9. anybody (anyone). 10. somebody (someone). 11. nobody. 12. anybody. 13. everyone. 14. anyone. 15. somebody (someone). 16. nobody. 17. somebody (someone). 18. someone. 19. nobody. 20. anybody. 21. anybody. 22. everybody.

Упражнение 108

1. any. 2. no. 3. anything. 4. any. 5. anything. 6. any. 7. anybody. 8. any. 9. nobody. 10. anything. 11. anything, anything. 12. any. 13. no. 14. no.

Упражнение 109

1. They have done nothing.
They haven't done anything.
Have they done anything?

2. He has given them no money.
He hasn't given them any money.
Has he given them any money?

3. You have brought nothing for us.
You haven't brought anything for us.
Have you brought anything for us?

4. I have taken no English books from you.
I haven't taken any English books from you.
Have I taken any English books from you?

5. She was reading nothing.
She wasn't reading anything.
Was she reading anything?

6. He has written no letters to anybody.
He hasn't written a letter to anybody.
Has he written a letter to anybody?

7. Nobody by the name of Petrov lives on the third floor.
Does anybody by the name of Petrov live on the third floor?

8. They have no English books.
They don't have any English books.
Do they have any English books?

9. There are no tall trees in front of their house.
There aren't any tall trees in front of their house.
Are there any tall trees in front of their house?

10. Peter has nothing in his box.
Peter doesn't have anything in his box.
Does Peter have anything in his box?

11. There are no parks in this town.
There aren't any parks in this town.
Are there any parks in this town?

12. There are no good bookshops in our district.
There aren't any good bookshops in our district.
Are there any good bookshops in our district?

Top

Упражнение 110

1. I didn't say anything. Not a word. 2. Everybody wanted to get Yuri Gagarin's autograph. 3. Everything I have belongs to you. 4. Is there anybody (anyone) in the canteen? 5. There is no one in the garden. 6. Is there anybody in our room? 7. There is somebody there. 8. There is nobody there. 9. Is there anybody in the library? 10. Is there anything behind the curtain? — No, there is nothing there. 11. There is something in the bag. 12. Is there anyone in the house? — Yes, there is someone there. 13. Is there anything under the table? — Yes, there is something there. 14. There is nothing there. 15. Is there anybody in the doctor's consulting room? — No, there is nobody there. 16. There are some books in English in our library. 17. Are there any books by Jack London in your library? 18. My uncle wants to tell me something. 19. The next day my brother knew everybody. 20. If you want to eat something, go to the dining car. 21. Tell us everything about your journey. 22. Is there anything I can do for you?

МЕСТОИМЕНИЯ SOME, ANY, NO, EVERY

Упражнение 111

1. some, any. 2. no. 3. something. 4. any. 5. no, some (some, no). 6. anything, nothing. 7. anything. 8. no one. 9. somebody (nobody). 10. anybody. 11. any, something, some. 12. anybody, any. 13. some. 14. anybody (anyone).

Упражнение 112

1. anywhere. 2. somewhere. 3. nowhere. 4. everywhere. 5. anywhere. 6. anywhere, somewhere. 7. anywhere. 8. somewhere, anywhere, everywhere. 9. somewhere. 10. anywhere. 11. somewhere. 12. anywhere, somewhere. 13. everywhere.

Упражнение 113

1. There is something round on the table. What is it? 2. Nobody knows anything about it. 3. There are many parks in the town. There are trees and flowers everywhere. 4. There is someone in that room. 5. Ann lives somewhere in this district. 6. I don't know anybody in this town. 7. Give me something to eat, please. 8. Does anybody know our teacher's address? 9. Everything is all right. 10. Does anybody want to watch TV? 11. We heard this song everywhere. 12. He is somewhere in the garden. 13. Kate isn't here. We've looked for her everywhere, but we can't find her anywhere. Has anybody seen Kate? — Here she is. Nobody knows anything about her and she is sitting on a bench reading a book.

Упражнение 114

a)
1. some. 2. no. 3. any. 4. no. 5. no. 6. some.

b)
1. nobody. 2. nobody. 3. anyone. 4. anybody. 5. anybody. 6. nobody. 7. anyone. 8. someone.

с)
1. anywhere. 2. somewhere. 3. anywhere, nowhere. 4. nowhere. 5. anywhere, somewhere. 6. nowhere.

Упражнение 115

1. everything, nothing. 2. something. 3. nothing. 4. everything. 5. some, some. 6. some. 7. some, nothing. 8. no. 9. anything, somebody, something. 10. anybody. 11. everybody. 12. no. 13. any. 14. any, anything, any. 15. nobody. 16. everybody (everything). 17. everything. 18. nothing (something). 19. anything. 20. every.

Упражнение 116

1. anything, anything, nothing, nothing, anything, nothing, anything, anybody. 2. everybody, some, some, anything, nothing. 3. everybody, some, some, anything, anybody, nothing, nobody. 4. everything, everything, nobody. 5. anywhere, nowhere.

Упражнение 117

1. any, any. 2. anything, no, some, some. 3. any, any. 4. any, no (some). 5. no. 6. anything. 7. no (some). 8. any, no. 9. some. 10. anything, nothing. 11. any. 12. any. 13. some. 14. anyone. 15. any. 16. any. 17. nobody, anything. 18. no (some).

Упражнение 118

1. the. 2. some. 3. any. 4. V. 5. no. 6. some. 7. the. 8. V. 9. the. 10. any. 11. V. 12. V. 13. the. 14. some. 15. the. 16. some. 17. the. 18. V. 19 V. 20. no. 21. the. 22. the. 23. V. 24. V. 25. the. 26. some. 27. V. 28. V. 29. the.

МЕСТОИМЕНИЯ SOME, ANY, NO, EVERY

Top

Упражнение 119

1. a) some, some.
b) a, the, some, V.

2. a) some.
b) the.
c) V.

3. a) V.
b) some.
c) the.

4. a) V.
b) some.
c) the, the.

5. a) some.
b) the.
c) some.

6. a) a.
b) the.
c) V.

Упражнение 120

1. the, a, a, the. 2. the. 3. the, a, the. 4. a. 5. V, V. 6. some. 7. the. 8. V. 9. а, V. 10. V. 11. some, the. 12. V, V. 13. a, the. 14. some. 15. the. 16. V. 17. a. 18. a, V, V, an, V.

Упражнение 121

1. no, the, some. 2. any. 3. some. 4. the, the. 5. any, the. 6. V, the. 7. a,V. 8. V. 9. some, some. 10. some. 11. V, V. 12. V, the. 13. the, the. 14. the, the. 15. some. 16. the. 17. the, the. 18. no, the, the, some, the. 19. V. 20. some. 21. a, V, V. 22. a. 23. any, any. 24. V, а, V.

MUCH, MANY, (A) LITTLE, (A) FEW

Упражнение 122

Many exercise books, much milk, much water, many days, many newspapers, much chalk, much snow, many years, many pictures, much music, many boys, many girls, much tea, many lemons, much meat, many rooms, many teachers, much work, much air, many birds, many cars.

Упражнение 123

1. many. 2. much. 3. much. 4. much, many. 5. much. 6. many, much. 7. much. 8. many. 9. many, many. 10. many. 11. much. 12. much. 13. many. 14. much. 15. many. 16. much. 17. much. 18. many. 19. many. 20. much, much, much. 21. many. 22. much. 23. much.

Упражнение 124

Few houses, little tea, few cups, few apples, few windows, little paper, little coffee, few articles, little joy, little soup, few trees, little grass, few children, few toys, little light, few desks, little sausage, little juice, few books, few flowers, little salt, few friends, few palaces.

Упражнение 125

1. few. 2. little. 3. little. 4. few. 5. little. 6. few. 7. little; few. 8. little. 9. few. 10. little. 11. few. 12. few. 13. little. 14. few. 15. little. 16. few. 17. little. 18. little. 19. few.

Упражнение 126

1. many. 2. much. 3. much, much. 4. few. 5. much, many, little. 6. much, much. 7. little. 8. few. 9. much. 10. little. 11. many. 12. many, much. 13. little. 14. few. 15. little.

Упражнение 127

A little money, little money, a few chairs, few chairs, a few songs, few songs, a little fun, little fun, few boys, a little water, a few people, little water, little air, few tables, a few minutes, a few cats, little grass, a little luck, a few days, little work, a little salt, a few spoons, little light, few windows, a few cars, a little sugar, few eggs, little cheese.

Упражнение 128

1. a little. 2. a few. 3. a little. 4. a few, a few, a little. 5. a few. 6. a few. 7. a little. 8. a few. 9. a few. 10. a little. 11. a few. 12. a little. 13. a few, a little, a few. 14. a few. 15. a little. 16. a little. 17. a few. 18. a few, a little. 19. a few. 20. a little. 21. a little.

Упражнение 129

1. little. 2. a little. 3. a little. 4. little. 5. little. 6. a few. 7. few. 8. a little. 9. a few. 10. few. 11. little. 12. a few. 13. a little. 14. few.

Упражнение 130

Упражнение 130 1. a little. 2. much, little. 3. a few. 4, few. 5. a little, a few. 6. a few. 7. a little, a little. 8. few. 9. a little. 10. a few. 11. a little. 12. a little. 13. many, much. 14. much. 15. much. 16. a little. 17. little. 18. little.

Top

СТЕПЕНИ СРАВНЕНИЯ ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНЫХ

Упражнение 131

Hotter, the hottest; longer, the longest; shorter; the shortest; cleverer, the cleverest; sillier, the silliest; greater, the greatest; redder, the reddest; blacker, the blackest; whiter, the whitest; thinner, the thinnest; thicker, the thickest; fatter, the fattest; nicer, the nicest; warmer, the warmest; colder, the coldest; merrier, the merriest; smaller, the smallest; taller, the tallest; higher, the highest; weaker, the weakest; stronger, the strongest; heavier, the heaviest; lighter, the lightest; greener, the greenest; drier, the driest; cleaner, the cleanest; dirtier, the dirtiest; wider, the widest; deeper, the deepest; braver, the bravest.

Упражнение 132

Old, older, the oldest, the eldest, my elder brother, my old friend, farther, the farthest, the longest, shorter, happy, happier, the happiest, the best, the blackest, longer, worse, better, warmer, her best friend, her younger son, his elder son.

Упражнение 133

1. a) I know an interesting story.
b) He knows a more interesting story.
c) She knows the most interesting story.

2. a) It is a long way.
b) It is a longer way.
c) It is the longest way.

3. a) Her work is very important.
b) His work is more important.
c) My work is the most important.

4. a) It is a bad song.
b) It is a worse song.
c) It is the worst song.

5. a) He is a good engineer.
b) He is a better engineer.
c) He is the best engineer.

6. a) He brought her a beautiful flower.
b) He brought her a more beautiful flower.
c) He brought her the most beautiful flower.

7. a) He told us about a happy man.
b) He told us about a happier man.
c) He told us about the happiest man.

Top

Упражнение 134

1. It is a very easy problem. Give me a more difficult problem. 2. In summer the days are long and the nights are short. 3. The 22nd of June is the longest day. 4. In July the days are shorter. 5. In December the days are the shortest. 6. A "four" is a good mark, but a "five" is better. 7. A "five" is the best mark. 8. The worst mark is a "two". 9. Your dress is very beautiful, of course, but my dress is more beautiful. 10. My father is a tall man. 11. It is a warmer coat. 12. I think our English teacher was very patient. 13. Our old doctor was very busy. Our new doctor is even busier. 14. My German teacher is the most energetic person. 15. We know your neighbour is a very boring man. 16. I think your grandfather is the most generous person I've ever met. 17. Ronald's watch is accurate, but his aunt's watch is more accurate. 18. She bought her watch in Switzerland because she thinks Swiss watches are the most accurate in the world. 19. That film on TV is much worse than today's. 20. What's the funniest TV programme? 21. Those were the happiest days in her life.

Упражнение 135

1. delicious, more delicious, the most delicious. 2. bigger. 3. smaller. 4. the highest. 5. wider. 6. large. 7. larger. 8. the biggest. 9. the largest. 10. the oldest. 11. greater. 12. the most beautiful.

Упражнение 136

1. Английский язык такой же трудный, как и немецкий. 2. Мое сочинение не такое длинное, как твое. 3. Сегодня не так тепло, как было вчера. 4. Дом, в котором живет его тетя, такой же старый, как и дом, в котором живет его дядя. 5. Его квартира не такая роскошная, как ее, но она гораздо больше. 6. Джонни не такой богатый, как Дон, но он моложе и гораздо счастливее. 7. Моя собака не такая дружелюбная, как твоя. 8. В России хоккей с шайбой такой же популярный, как и футбол. 9. Футбольный матч не такой захватывающий, как хоккейный. 10. Этот отель не такой дешевый, как мы ожидали. 11. Результаты эксперимента были не такими плохими, как они ожидали. 12. Эта книга такая же дорогая, как мой словарь.

Упражнение 137

1. as ... as. 2. so ... as (as ... as). 3. as ... as. 4. so ... as (as ... as). 5. as ... as. 6. as ... as. 7. as ... as. 8. so ... as (as ... as). 9. so ... as (as ... as). 10. as ... as. 11. as ... as. 12. as ... as. 13. so ... as (as ... as).

Степени сравнения прилагательных

Упражнение 138

Упражнение 138 1. Не isn't as tired as she is (as her). 2. Exercise two is as difficult as exercise three. 3. She thinks boxing is as dangerous as wrestling. 4. This house is as high as that one. 5. Today the water in the river is not so warm as yesterday. 6, You are not so clever as father. 7. India is not so large as China. 8. The Thames is as beautiful as the Neva. 9. His grandmother is not so old as his grandfather. 10. Apples are as tasty as plums, but not so tasty as pears. 11. Is the Russian Museum as rich as the Hermitage? 12. Derzhavin is not so famous as Pushkin. 13. The Dnieper is not so long as the Volga. 14. Last year August was as hot as July. 15. He isn't as old as me (as I am). 16. She is as generous as her grandmother. 17. His car is as comfortable as yours. 18. The exam wasn't as difficult as we expected. 19. He is as strong as his brother. 20. This computer isn't as expensive as I expected. 21. Her son is as polite as her (as she is). 22. This work is as interesting as yours.

Упражнение 139

1. This work is easier than that one. 2. This novel is more exciting than that one. 3. This yong man was a more talented actor than all others. 4. These people are nicer, more polite, more hospitable than those. 5. This house is higher than that one. 6. Today the water in the river is colder than yesterday. 7. Father is cleverer than you (are). 8. China is larger than India. 9. His grandmother is younger than his grandfather. 10. Pears are tastier than apples. 11. Our cat is smaller than our dog. 12. My brother is younger than me. 13. Last year February was colder than January. 14. The Dnieper is shorter than the Volga. 15. The Hermitage is richer than the Russian Museum.

Упражнение 140

1. Новый кинотеатр в нашем районе гораздо больше, чем старый. 2. Он является одним из самых опасных преступников в мире. 3. Невский проспект гораздо красивее, чем наша улица. 4. Наш дом не такой большой, как ваш. 5. Это самая смешная история, которую я когда-либо слышал. 6. Ей становится лучше. А это самое важное. 7. Какой у тебя рост? Ты выше меня. 8. Она чувствовала себя такой же сильной, как и ее брат. 9. Мы отправились раньше вас. 10. Он был осторожнее меня. 11. Этот студент самый внимательный в нашей группе. 12. Мне нужно пальто потеплее, 13. Он так же устал, как и ты. 14. Он был одним из самых опытных рабочих на фабрике. 15. Лучше поздно, чем никогда. 16. Она была не такая привлекательная, как ее мать. 17. Его работа не такая трудная, как моя. 18. Он был самым старшим в семье. 19. В море плавать легче, чем в реке. 20. Это самая маленькая комната в нашей, квартире.

Упражнение 141

1. healthier. 2. clean. 3. the worst. 4. taller. 5. larger. 6. shorter. 7. the highest. 8. better. 9. higher. 10. the most beautiful. 11. better. 12. longer. 13. shorter. 14. colder. 15. more difficult. 16. easier. 17. busy. 18.cold. 19. fond. 20. colder. 21. the most interesting. 22. the coldest. 23. worse. 24. the hottest. 25. the most beautiful. 26. the best.

Упражнение 142

1. greyer. 2. the fattest. 3. heavier, heavier. 4. the tallest. 5. the most attentive. 6. colder, yellower. 7. the most beautiful. 8. better, good, better, the best. 9. lighter. 10. drier. 11. faster. 12. nice, nicer. 13. angrier, angrier. 14. harder, harder. 15. the tallest. 16. more careful. 17. quiet, quieter. 18. delicious.

Упражнение 143

1. This is the most valuable painting in the Russian Museum. 2. My computer isn't as new as my friend's. 3. Our exams are much more difficult than yours. 4. The building of Moscow University is the tallest in the capital. 5. Our town is not so big as Kiev, but it is as beautiful. 6. Nevsky Prospect is one of the most beautiful streets in St Petersburg. 7. Who is the youngest pupil in our group? — Petrov (is). But he is the tallest. 8. English grammar is difficult, but English pronunciation is more difficult. 9. The shops in our street are larger than the shops in your street. 10. Our TV set is as new as this one. 11. This room is lighter than that one. 12. Today the weather is worse than yesterday. It is colder today and it is raining. 13. My room is not so large as my friend's room, but it is lighter and warmer. 14. Which of these books is the most interesting? 15. November is not such a cold month as January. 16. My father is a very busy man. 17. The Crimea is one of the best places for rest. 18. Today he feels much better.

Top

ПРЕДЛОГИ

Упражнение 144

1. on. 2. in. 3. on. 4. into. 5. on. 6. into. 7. on. in. 8. in. 9. into, on. 10. in. 11. on, into. 12. in. 13. into. 14. on. 15. on. 16. into, on. 17. on. 18. into, on, in, on, on, on, on, on. 19. into, into, into. 20. in, into.

Упражнение 145

1. Go to the blackboard.
2. Write the date on the blackboard.
3. Hang the picture on the blackboard.
4. She poured some water into the vase and put the flowers into it. Then she went to the window and put the vase on the windowsill.
5. The teacher is standing at the blackboard. He is writing a sentence on the blackboard. The pupils are sitting at the desks. They are writing this sentence in their exercise books.
6. Nick went into the kitchen and sat down at the table. His mother was standing at the stove. She went up to the table, put a cup on the table and poured some tea into the cup.
7. We gathered a lot of mushrooms in the wood.
8. Masha opened the door and went into the house. There was nobody in the house: the bears were in the woods. In the room Masha saw a table. She went up to the table. On the table she saw three plates.
9. Kate was in the room. She was standing at the bookcase.
10. There was a thick carpet on the floor. The children sat down on the carpet and began playing.
11. Where are the boys? — They are playing in the yard.
12. It is winter now. There is snow on the ground. There is ice on the river.
13. She went up to the blackboard, took the chalk and began writing on the blackboard.
14. The butter is on the table. Put it in the fridge. And now sit down at the table. There is (some) juice in this glass. Drink it and just put the glass in the sink. I'll wash it later.
15. Where is your pen? — It is in my pocket.
16. Put a handkerchief into your pocket.
17. He jumped into the river and quickly swam to the island.

Упражнение 146

In the kitchen, at the port, at the swimming pool, in the park, in the wood, at the theatre, in the garden, at the library, in the river, at the shop, in the glass, in the room, at the cinema, in the snow, at school, in the classroom, in the house, in the cup, at the museum, in the ocean.

Упражнение 147

On the shelf, on the windowsill, on the bench, at the factory (at the plant), on the wall, at the railway station, on the platform, on the floor, on the roof, at the exhibition, at the stop, on the ground, at the concert, on the blackboard, at the lesson, on the bridge, at the stadium, on the snow, on the grass, at work.

Упражнение 148

1. Where is Nick? — Не is at the lecture. 2. Father goes to work every day. 3. Yesterday father was at work and mother was at home. 4. Yesterday I went to the library, I borrowed a very interesting" book at the library. 5. Kate was sitting at the table. There were books and exercise books on the table. Her father went up to the table and put a vase on the table. He put some flowers into the vase. 6. Yesterday we went to the exhibition. We saw a lot of paintings at the exhibition. 7. Where is Tom? — He is at the stadium. He always goes to the stadium on Sunday. And his sister goes to the swimming pool. She is at the swimming pool now. 8. Do you like to go to the theatre? 9. When we came to the railway station, we put our things on the platform and sat down on a bench. Mother went to the shop and bought some lemonade. 10. At the lesson yesterday the teacher said to me, "There are two mistakes on the blackboard. Go to the blackboard and correct the mistakes!" 11. Were you at the concert yesterday? — No, we worked at the library and then we went to the park. We played in the park and then we sat on the grass, 12. There are not so many children in the yard today. 13. There are so many students at the lecture today.

Упражнение 149

1. I went to the garden. 2. I went into the garden. 3. We went to the forest. 4. We went into the forest. 5. Go to the classroom. 6. Go into the classroom. 7. Go to the park. 8. Go into the park. 9. She went to the kitchen. 10. She went into the kitchen. 11. Don't go to the shop. 12. Don't go into the shop. 13. She ran to the yard. 14. She ran into the yard.

Упражнение 150

1. In winter I usually go to bed at ten o'clock because I go to school and have to get up early. But in summer, when I don't go to school and live in the country, I like to go to bed late. 2. Do you like to read in bed? 3. We did not want to stay in town on such a hot day, so we went to the country. 4. It is very late. Go to bed at once. 5. Where is your little sister? — She is in bed. Mother always puts her to bed at eight o'clock. 6. In summer my mother does not go to work and I do not go to school. We live in the country. My father goes to work every day, so he stays in town. But sometimes he comes to the counry after work and goes back to town early in the morning, when I am still in bed.

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Признаки основных форм в глагольной системе английских времен.

Грамматическая категория времени передает отношение действия к моменту речи. Соответственно, глагол может иметь формы настоящего, прошедшего и будущего времени. Название любого из двенадцати английских времен начинается с одного из трех слов: Present, Past, Future. Есть четыре вида настоящего, четыре вида прошедшего и четыре вида будущего, которые известны как Simple, Progressive, Perfect и Perfect Progressive. Особое внимание учащимся следует обратить на ключевые слова, так как именно они помогают сориентироваться, какой вид глагола в каждом времени следует использовать, чтобы точно передать смысл высказывания.

Признаки SIMPLE
Настоящее время (PRESENT SIMPLE):
do, does в вопросах;
в утвердительных предложениях - окончание -s в 3-м лице ед. числа
.

Слова:
every day - каждый день,

usually - обычно,

often - часто,

always - всегда,

never - никогда,

sometimes - иногда.

  • Таблицa Present Simple Tense. Cпряжение глагола to work


  • Прошедшее время (PAST SIMPLE):

    did в вопросах;
    в утвердительных предложениях - окончание -ed у правильных глаголов,

    неправильные глаголы берутся из 2-го столбца таблицы неправильных глаголов.


    Ключевые слова, устанавливающие связь между видами глаголов в русском и английском языках:
    yesterday - вчера,

    a minute ago - минуту назад,

    two days (hours, months, years) ago
    - два дня (часа, месяца, года) назад,

    last week (month, year) - на прошлой неделе, (в прошлом месяце, в прошлом году).

  • Таблицa Past Simple Tense. Cпряжение глагола to work - правильные глаголы.


  • Будущее время (FUTURE SIMPLE):

    Will в вопросительных, отрицательных и утвердительных предложениях, для всех лиц и чисел, основа смыслового глагола без изменений.

  • Таблицa Future Simple Tense. Cпряжение глагола to work.



  • Признаки PROGRESSIVE (CONTINUOUS):

    1. to be;
    2. окончание смыслового глагола -ing во всех формах.


    Настоящее время, длительный вид (PRESENT PROGRESSIVE):

    Личные формы am, is, are в вопросительных, отрицательных и утвердительных предложениях,

    к основе смыслового глагола добавляется -ing.


    Ключевые слова:
    now - сейчас,

    at the moment - в данный момент,

    Look! - Смотри!

  • Таблицa Present Continuous Tense. Cпряжение глагола to work.


  • Прошедшее время, длительный вид (PAST PROGRESSIVE):

    Формы глагола to be в прошедшем времени:
    was для единственного числа,
    were - для множественного,
    к основе смыслового глагола добавляется -ing.


    Слова, устанавливающие связь между временами глаголов в английском и русском языке:
    when I came - когда я пришел,

    while you were reading - пока ты читал,

    yesterday at 5 pm - вчера в 5 часов вечера.

  • Таблицa Past Continuous Tense. Cпряжение глагола to work.


  • Будущее время, длительный вид (FUTURE PROGRESSIVE):

    Will be для всех лиц и чисел, основа смыслового глагола + -ing.

    Ключевые слова, устанавливающие связь между видами глаголов в русском и английском языках:
    tomorrow at 7 am - завтра в семь часов утра,

    when you come (в придаточных времени и условия - настоящее время вместо будущего!) - когда вы придете,

    while you are reading - пока ты будешь читать.

  • Таблицa Future Continuous Tense. Cпряжение глагола to write.



  • Признаки PERFECT

    1. to have;
    2. окончание - ed добавляется к основе правильных глаголов,
    неправильные глаголы берутся из 3-го столбца таблицы неправильных глаголов.


    Настоящее время, совершенный вид (PRESENT PERFECT):

    Формы глагола to have в настоящем времени:

    has для 3-го лица единственного числа,
    have - для всех остальных лиц и чисел,

    Слова:
    already — уже
    not yet — нет еще
    just - только что
    ever — когда-либо

  • Таблицa Present Perfect Tense. Cпряжение глагола to write.