Главная Алфавит Ответы, Голицынский 100 неправильных глаголов Словарь с транскрипцией

Ю. Б. Голицынский. Грамматика.

Ключи к упражнениям

4-е издание 5-е издание6-е издание 7-е издание
1-50 1-50 1-50 1-50
50-100 50-100 50-100 50-100
100-150 100-150 100-150 100-150
150-200 150-200 150-200 150-200
200-250 200-250 200-250 200-250
250-300 250-300250-300 250-300
300-350 300-350 300-350 300-350
350-400 350-400 350-400 350-400
400-450 400-450 400-450 400-450
450-500 450-500 450-500 450-500
500-561 500-564500-564 500-567
Это новое издание известного пособия будет одинаково полезно и школьникам, и взрослым - всем, кто хочет овладеть в совершенстве английским языком, занимаясь самостоятельно.
Пособие содержит практические упражнения различной степени сложности по основным разделам школьного курса английского языка.
Ответы помогут проверить правильность выполнения упражнений, систематизировать и углубить знания школьной программы по английскому языку.

USA UK spelling difference

 UK USA
Behaviour  Behavior
Colour  Color
Counselling  counseling
Defence  defense
 Rumours Rumors
cheque check
chequer checker
cosy cozy
cipher, cypher cipher
doughnut doughnut, donut
draught draft
gauntlet gauntlet, gantlet
glycerine glycerin, glycerine
grey gray
jail, gaol jail
kerb curb
liquorice licorice
mollusc mollusk, mollusc
mould mold
moult molt
neurone, neuron neuron
omelette omelet, omelette
phoney phony
pyjamas pajamas
plough plow
sceptic (-al, -ism) skeptic (-al, -ism)
storey story
sulphur sulphur, sulfur
tyre tire
vice vise
yoghurt, yogurt yogurt

200 ] [ 201 ] [ 202 ] [ 203 ] [ 204 ] [ 205 ] [ 206 ] [ 207 ] [ 208 ] [ 209 ] [ 210 ] [ 211 ] [ 212 ] [ 213 ] [ 214 ] [ 215 ] [ 216 ] [ 217 ] [ 218 ] [ 219 ] [ 220 ] [ 221 ] [ 222 ] [ 223 ] [ 224 ] [ 225 ] [ 226 ] [ 227 ] [ 228 ] [ 229 ] [ 230 ] [ 231 ] [ 232 ] [ 233 ] [ 234 ] [ 235 ] [ 236 ] [ 237 ] [ 238 ] [ 239 ] [ 240 ] [ 241 ] [ 242 ] [ 243 ] [ 244 ] [ 245 ] [ 246 ] [ 247 ] [ 248 ] [ 249 ] [ 250 ]

Употребление времен

Упражнение 200

On Monday we had five lessons. The first lesson was Russian. At this lesson we wrote a dictation and did some exercises. Nick went to the blackboard. He answered well and got a "five". Pete did not get a "five" because he did not know his lesson. After the second lesson I went to the canteen. I ate a sandwich and drank a cup of tea. I did not drink milk. After school I did not go home at once. I went to the library and changed my books. Then I went home.

Упражнение 201

On Tuesday I got up at half past six. I went to the bathroom and washed my hands and face and cleaned my teeth. Then I dressed, went to the kitchen and cooked breakfast for my family. At half past seven my son got up and had breakfast. I had breakfast with my son. My son ate a sandwich and drank a cup of tea. I didn't drink tea. I drank coffee. After breakfast my son left home for school. I didn't leave home with my son. On Tuesday I didn't work in the morning. I worked in the afternoon. In the evening I was at home. My husband and my son were at home, too. We rested in the evening. My son watched TV, my husband read newspapers and I did some work about the house. At about eleven o'clock we went to bed.

Упражнение 202

Boris woke up when it was already quite light. He looked at his watch. It was a quarter to seven. Quick! Boris jumped out of bed and ran to the bathroom. He had just time to take a cold shower and drink a glass of tea with delicious sandwiches. He was in a hurry to catch the 8 am train.
At the railway station he met three other boys from his group. They all had small backpacks and fishing rods.
In less than an hour they got off the train at a small station near a wood. They walked very quickly and soon found themselves on the shore of a large lake. The boys spent the whole day there fishing, boating and swimming.
They returned home late at night, tired but happy.

Упражнение 203

1. His sister studies. 2. She studied. 3. Did your brother go, he did. 4. I go. 5. I went. 6. My brother washes. 7. He washed. 8. I do not have. 9. We did not rest. 10. My brother did not drink. 11. My mother always takes, she did not take, she walked. 12. Do you talk, I do, I did not talk, I was. 13. Did you come, I didn't, I came, I was, I had, I was, I drank, I rested. 14. Mary likes. 15. She wrote. 16. Did you tell. 17. Do you wear, I wore. 18. We like, we enjoyed. Did your brother go, he did.

Упражнение 204

1. Tom always eats. 2. He didn't eat, he got. 3. We like, we don't like. 4. He never shouted, he was. 5. My friend knows. 6. Who rang. 7. He lives. 8. Did it take. 9. When were your lessons. 10. I had. 11. Her friends were. 12. One of her brothers made. 13. Queen Elizabeth was, she became. 14. Do you always get, sometimes I get. 15. Antonio Stradivari made. 16. Who painted. 17. She knows, she enjoyed. 18. Steven's friends came, gave, his parents cooked, Ms girlfriend promised, she wasn't, he tried, he was, she didn't wish.

Упражнение 205

1. I go. 2. I went. 3. I shall go. 4. I do not go. о. I didn't go. 6. I shall not go. 7. Do you watch. 8. Did you watch. 9. Will you watch. 10. When do you leave. 11. When did you leave. 12. When will you leave. 13. My brother goes, he leaves, he works, is, he walks, he does not take, did not go, he got. 14. Did you have, I didn't. 15. What did you buy, I bought. 16. My father did not read, he was, he will read. 17. What mark did she get.

Top

Упражнение 206

1. He turns. 2. He turned. 3. He will turn. 4. I always go. 5. I was, I didn't go. 6. I shall not go, it costs. 7. Did they enjoy. 8. Who will take. 9. How often do you go. 10. We didn't have, we still had. 11. She does. 12. He doesn't even know. 13. They were, money was. 14. Do you think, you will be. 15. When will the chicken soup be. 16. The customs officers at JFK airport in New York arrested, he arrived. 17. I like, I often do, they want. 18. When is your birthday. 19. When did you get. 20. Who created.

Упражнение 207

1. Kate cooks. 2. Kate will cook. 3. Kate is cooking. 4. Kate cooked. 5. I do not eat. 6. I am not eating. 7. I shall not eat. 8. I did not eat. 9. He spent. 10. He did not spend. 11. Did he spend. 12. Where did he spend. 13. She helped. 14. She did not help. 15. Did she help. 16. How did she help. 17, Do you go. 18. Are you going. 19. Will you go. 20. Did you go. 21. What does your brother do. 22. What is your brother doing. 23. What will your brother do. 24. What did your brother do. 25. What did you get.

Упражнение 208

1. Various kinds of sports are. 2. Both children and grown-ups are. 3. What is the matter, she is, I do not know. 4. Where are you going, I am going, which will take. 5. Do you know, a very interesting match took. 6. He went. 7. I was, I enjoyed. 8. Our football team won. 9. Where is Boris, he is playing. 10. I am, I missed, I know, it is, I am. 11. I think, Nellie will leave. 12. I am, my friends are waiting. 13. You were, did you like, Г enjoyed. 14. We expect, you will go. 15. Her English isn't, she is working. 16. They didn't know. 17. She is worrying, the problems are not. 18. He was, had. 19. Am I going.

Top

Упражнение 209

1. My friend goes. 2. He did not go. 3. Why did you go. 4. We shall grow. 5. What are you doing. 6. He is sleeping. 7. Where did your father work. 8. Will she go. 9. He did not watch. 10. We wrote. 11. I bought. 12. My granny went, did not buy. 13. What will you buy. 14. Father is working. 15. We went. 16. Will your brother go. 17. Granny is not cooking. 18. We cooked. 19. My sister washes. 20. When do you go. 21. What will you prepare. 22. Will you invite. 23. How did you help. 24. I shall send. 25. I meet. 26. His grandfather is listening, that is, he always listenes.

Упражнение 210

1. Max isn't, he is washing, he washes. 2. He will not play. 3. We saw. 4. Does your mother cook. 5. We made. 6. I spent. 7. Where did you spend. 8. Where will he spend. 9. What is your mother doing, she is cooking. 10. I did not play. 11. We went. 12. I met. 13. I wrote. 14. Will you write. 15. I am not writing. 16. Mother cooked. 17. Nick will not go, I don't think.

Упражнение 211

1. I am writing. 2. I was writing. 3. My little sister is sleeping. 4. My little sister was sleeping. 5. My friends are not doing, they are playing. 6. My friends were not doing, they were playing. 7. She was reading. 8. She is not reading. 9. She is going. 10. What are you doing, I am drinking. 11. Were you drinking, I was not drinking, I was eating. 12. She was reading, she is reading. 13. My cat is playing. 14. The sun was shining, birds were singing. 15. Are you eating. 16. Were you eating. 17. What is your father doing. 18. What was your father doing. 19. Why is she crying. 20. Why was she crying. 21. I am enjoying.

Упражнение 212

1. I went. 2. I was going. 3. I was going. 4. I was doing. 5. I was doing. 6. I did. 7. I was doing. 8. I was doing. 9. I did not play, I wrote. 10. I was not playing, I was reading. 11. He was not sleeping, he was doing. 12. I was going, they were talking, laughing, I was laughing, I was still laughing, I told, my father and mother liked. 13. I went, I found, it injured, I decided, I brought, I fed, took, I was doing, it left.

Упражнение 213

1. I played. 2. I was playing. 3. He was playing. 4. We were playing. 5. My brother did not play, he played. 6. My sister was not playing, she was playing. 7. Mother was cooking. 8. She was cooking. 9. We washed. 10. We were washing. 11. Did you do. 12. Were you doing. 13. Why was she sleeping. 14. He was sitting. 15. What was Nick doing. 16. What were you doing. 17. I was not sleeping. 18. What did he do, he read. 19. What was he doing, he was reading. 20. Was she sleeping, she was knitting.

Упражнение 214

1. I came, my little sister was sleeping. 2. Nick came home, his brother was playing. 3. Mother came, I was doing. 4- Father came, Pete was sleeping. 5. Mother came, the children were playing. 6. I got, my mother and father were drinking. 7. I came, he was watching. 8. I saw, they were playing. 9. I opened, the cat was sitting. 10. Kate opened, the children were dancing. 11. Tom was crossing, he fell, 12. I was going, I met. 13. We were going, we met. 14. Grandmother was going, she saw. 15. Henry was walking, he found. 16. We were walking, we saw. 17. I was washing, I found. 18. Granny was reading, she fell. 19. I was playing, I saw. 20. Nick was running, he fell.

Top

Упражнение 215

1. The girl was cooking, the lights went out, she burnt (burned). 2. The boy hurt, he was skating. 3. The woman entered, the children were feeding. 4. I was visiting, I bought. 5. It started, we were bathing. 6. I was having. 7. He came, I was doing. 8. What were you doing. 9. I was going. 10. You were sleeping, I went. 11. He was reading, I came, sat. 12. I was walking, a tram passed. 13. She was looking, I saw. 14. We were answering, the headmistress entered. 15. They were drinking, I came. 16. He was walking, a boat passed. 17. The old man was thinking, he fell. 18. We listened. 19. I entered, the teacher was writing, the pupils were copying. 20. They were getting, it began.

Упражнение 216

1. I went. 2. I was going. 3. What were you doing, I was playing. 4. I came, the children were standing. 5. We were playing. 6. I was preparing, I cut. 7. I went. 8. Did you go, I went. 9. What did you do, I translated. 10. I rang, he was sleeping. 11. My grandfather was watching, he fell. 12. My friend came, I was doin^r. 13. I was going, I met. 14. Nick rang, I was helping 15. The children were walking, they saw. 16. I came my siater was washing. 17. Mike was playing, he found 18. I was drawing, I broke. 19. I met, he was going. 20. I looked, the children were playing.

Упражнение 217

1. Father was watching. 2. I went. 3. I finished. 4. I was playing. 5. He began. 6. She was playing. 7. I met. 8. I came, Kate was playing. 9. I met John, he was going. 10. I was going, I saw. 11. They played. 12. They were playing. 13. I was cleaning. 14. We went. 15. The teacher opened, the pupils were sitting. 16. He got. 17. Father came. 18. I was reading. 19. She fell. 20. Mother was drinking.

Упражнение 218

1. We went, there was, we enjoyed, we were skiing. 2. They met. 3. Where did you spend. 4. We were, twenty minutes were. 5. I was playing, my friend came, he invited, I accepted. 6. He rang, asked. 7. I came, my friend was already waiting. 8. I was going, I broke. 9. The teacher walked, the boys were listening, the girls were eating and drinking. 10. She was going, I met, she wasn't going. 11. What were you doing, the accident happened, I was walking. 12. He was leaving, the thieves took.

Упражнение 219

1. The cat took, ran. 2. He was reading, I came. 3. I got. 4. The train started. 5. He put, opened, went. 6. I was watching. 7. He came. 8. I was going, I saw. 9. We were having. 10. He was writing, I came. 11. He was making, I left. 12. He wrote. 13. I looked, they were smiling. 14. What were you doing. 15. I went. 16. The lesson began. 17. Somebody knocked, she was arguing. 18. Pete was jogging, he lost. 19. The police took, I was going. 20. He was shaving, he heard.

Упражнение 220

1. I washed. 2. I was washing. 3. She finished. 4. We were having. 5. We were working. 6. Mother was cooking. 7. Did they go. 8. They were sailing, they saw. 9. They translated. 10. I opened. 11. Did you go. 12. I did not see. 13. I opened, my friends were sitting. 14. When did you begin. 15. We were discussing. 16. I was reading, I found. 17. Did you watch, we were watching. 18. When did you go. 19. I went. 20. I was sleeping. 21. I came, my little brother was sitting, he was playing, I told, he was making.

Упражнение 221

1. I fed. 2. What were you doing, I was feeding. 3. What did your brother do, he played. 4. I began. 5. Helen was cooking. 6. What were you doing, your sister came. 7. Were you having. 8. He did not go. 9, Nick went. 10. Rick was sleeping. 11. We were playing, it suddenly started. 12. I saw, he was crossing. 13. He began. 14. He was repairing. 15. He finished. 16. We were playing. 17. Kate did not go, she was writing. 18. When did your father come, he came. 19. My father came, my mother was making. 20. We did not go.

Упражнение 222

We were walking, we saw, that was passing, he recognized, the bus was, we were, we had, we decided, we heard, he said, I was going, I suddenly saw.

Упражнение 223

The sun was going, I reached, which was, the working day was, the villagers were coming, two boys were driving, I approached, asked, an old man said, he took, a fire was burning, we entered, one girl of about eighteen was preparing, two other girls were still doing, the old man invited, they all seemed, we had, my new friends and I went, the moon was shining, the night was, that evening was.

Упражнение 224

1. Where were you, I was, I rang, nobody answered, I was, I was reading, did not hear. 2. What were you doing, I was working, I was, I did not see. 3. Nina celebrated, there were, I came, somebody was playing, two or three pairs were dancing. 4. Somebody is playing. 5. I like. 6. I looked, it was raining, people were hurrying. 7. What were you doing, I was having. 8. I came, I saw, were sitting, father was reading, who lives. 9. I was working. 10. It was raining. 11. Where is your sister, she is, she is doing. 12. He is brushing, he cleans. 13. She is sleeping. 14. You are talking, you never talk. 15. My mother is sitting, I am setting.

Top

Упражнение 225

1. We had, they say, they are having. 2. She was shopping, she lost, she doesn't know. 3. They are announcing, we have, one of our suitcases is missing. 4. Who is speaking, I don't know. 5. He doesn't smoke, he isn't smoking, he was, he wasn't smoking, he was working. 6. My sister was washing, she found. 7. When did you learn. 8. We are going, it is. 9. Who are you waiting. 10. Her car broke, she was driving. 11. When and where did it happen. 12. She always wears, she is wearing. 13. What is she watching. 14. I saw, he was running, he didn't have. 15. What does your son do, he studies (is studying). 16. What are you doing. 17. She opened, a man was standing, it was, she didn't recognize, he was wearing. 18. We went.

Упражнение 226

1. Where does your brother work, he works. 2. Was your grandmother sleeping, you came. 3. What will your brother do. 4. I did not go, I shall go. 5. Where was Kate going, you met. 6. They are skating. 7. Did you skate, we were skating, we shall skate. 8. He skates. 9. What are you doing, I am enjoying. 10. What were you doing, I was having. 11. Are you having. 12. The boss enters. 13. The boss entered. 14. When will the boss come. 15. We were listening. 16. I entered, the secretary was typing. 17. My friend rang. 18. My friends are playing. 19. Kate does not write. 20. Did you see. 21. Did your father go. 22. What did Nick do. 23. When does Nick get. 24. Where will your mother go. 25. I shall invite. 26. A disco, which took place, kept.

Упражнение 227

1. I am applying, want, the visa is. 2. They were listening, the telephone rang. 3. I am looking. 4. My train leaves, I'll drive. 5. Shall I check. 6. Cars are getting. 7. He gets. 8. A father and his son were travelling, it was snowing, a strong wind was blowing, they were going, they heard, the father lost, they were, their lives were, a helicopter took, they were, the happy father looked and said, Г11 never drive, it snows, I promise, it is, it is.

Упражнение 228

1. have written. 2. has helped. 3. have learnt. 4. have gone. 5. has watched. 6. has put. 7. have eaten. 8. have drunk. 9. has brought. 10. have put. 11. have had. 12. has taken. 13. have put on. 14. has made. 15. has opened. 16. have bought. 17. has ordered. 18. have bought. 19. have you watched. 20. have translated. 21. has told. 22. has learned.

Перевод: 1. Ученики написали диктант. 2. Мой друг помог мне решить трудную задачу. 3. Я выучил стихотворение. 4. Хорошие манеры вышли из моды. 5. Катя посмотрела новости по телевизору. 6. Официант поставил перед ним бутылку лимонада. 7. Я позавтракал. 8. Мы выпили воды. 9. Он принес им мясо с овощами. 10. Ты поставил посуду на стол. 11. Они выпили чаю. 12. Она убрала со стола грязные тарелки. 13. Дети надели пальто. 14. Сюзанна сшила себе платье на день рождения. 15. Она открыла коробку шоколадных конфет. 16. Я купила молоко для молочного коктейля. 17. Джеймс заказал бутылку яблочного сока. 18. Мы купили плеер и несколько дисков с хорошей музыкой. 19. Ты посмотрел новости или свой любимый фильм? 20. Я перевел трудную статью с немецкого языка на русский. 21. Она сказала правду. 22. Ребенок научился ходить.

Top

Упражнение 229

1. doing, writing. 2. written. 3. studying. 4. learnt. 5. teaching. 6. taught. 7. done. 8. found. 9. looking. 10. talking. 11. talked. 12. said. 13. telling. 14. told. 15. told. 16. had. 17. having. 18. spoken. 19. asked. 20. learnt. 21. writing. 22. doing, reading. 23. read. 24. answering. 25. fixed, having. 26. heard. 27. read. 28. done.

Упражнение 230

1. Why has he stopped. 2. My cousin is looking, he hasn't found. 3. It has been. 4. What are you studying. 5. They have just given you a pay rise. 6. She is knitting. 7. Have you only had, you haven't eaten. 8. People are planting. 9. Are you going. 10. Johnny, who has finally found, is giving. 11. How long have you been. 12. Have you seen. 13. What are you looking. 14. Nancy is looking. 15. She is going, she is not going. 16. Has Mike left. 17. Have they paid. 18. How long have you known. 19. Your car is making. 20. The boy has done, is taking. 21. I am having. 22. Jay has never travelled. 23. We have always had. 24. Larry has never owned. 25. I have loved.

Упражнение 231

1. I have just had breakfast.
2. He has already had breakfast.
3. We haven't had breakfast yet.
4. They are still drinking tea in the canteen.
5. I have already done my homework.
6. He is still doing his homework.
7. We have had three lessons today.
8. They have just had a meeting.
9. She hasn't read this book yet.
10. She is still reading.
11. Who has written it?
12. What have you written to him?
13. I've just been to the dentist and I am feeling (I feel) a lot better.
14. He is lying. He hasn't done his homework yet.
15. Why isn't he eating dinner? — He is still talking (speaking) to his friend on the phone.
16. Where has that lazy cat disappeared to? — She is over there. She is sleeping in front of the fireplace.
17. Wait for me! I haven't taken the money.
18. She is still typing her article.
19. We haven't seen her for a long time.
20. The grandparents have already visited their grandsons.
21. Now they are sitting in the drawing room and talking about their trip.
22. Have you ever been to Africa?
23. He has done everything for her.
And now he is going to buy her a house.
24. The concert hasn't begun yet and we are sitting in the hall and discussing our problems.
25. The time has come to talk of many things.

Упражнение 232

1. She has lived. 2. She lived. 3. The rain has stopped. 4. The rain stopped. 5, Mary has bought. 6. I bought. 7. The wind has blown. 8. The weather has changed. 9. The wind changed. 10. We travelled. 11. He has travelled. 12. I have seen. 13. She saw. 14. Alex met. 15. I have just met. 16. The children have already decided. 17. They decided. 18. I haven't seen, I saw, you didn't see, I was.

Упражнение 233

1. I felt, went. 2. Where did you spend. 3. Have you ever spent. 4. I met. 5. I have never visited. 6. He visited. 7, I have just got. 8. Did you take. 9. He was. 10. Were you. 11. They left, he was. 12. He has not yet come. 13. Has he gone. 14. When did you see. 15. I have not seen. 16. His health has improved, I saw. 17. Have you passed, I passed, I haven't bought. 18. He has already moved, he found, he has been.

Упражнение 234

1. I have not yet eaten. 2. He did not eat. 3. Did you play. 4. Have you played. 5. What have you prepared. 6. Mike has made, he made. 7. Where have you put. 8. Have you seen. 9. When did you see. 10. Has your mother promised. 11. I have made. 12- He has fallen, when did he fall, he fell. 13. I have already done. 14. I did. 15. He has just come. 16. He came. 17. Nick played. 18. She has already come. 19. I read. 20. I have read. 21. I have never been. 22. Have you ever been. 23. You have ever seen. 24. I've invited, when did you see, I haven't seen, I called.

Top

Упражнение 235

1. She has just gone. 2. She left. 3. We have not yet solved. 4. When did it alL happen. 5. The weather has changed. 6. You have made. 7. A large black cloud has covered. 8. All my papers have fallen. 9. When did you open, I opened. 10. The sun has not risen. 11. I saw. 12. I have not read. 13. Trams have stopped. 14. How many times have you been. 15. I have translated. 16. We went, the rain spoilt. 17. It has stopped. 18. The lecture has not yet begun.

Упражнение 236

1. It was. 2. When did you meet. 3. I have not seen. 4. Have you gathered. 5. Where have you put. 6. The new school began working. 7. I have done. 8. The building of the house began. 9. The rain has stopped. 10. We have already solved. 11. He came. 12. I have never spoken. 13. He has just finished. 14. Have you made. 15. What books did you read, you lived. 16. They have not yet come. 17. He was, he has recovered. 18. Everybody has read. 19. Have you booked, I have, I booked. 20. I have not seen, you left, you have changed. 21. Have you read. 22. I have not seen. 23. Why have you put. 24. Why have you left. 25. We have not met, we both have grown.

Упражнение 237

1. What are you doing, are you writing, I have written, I am working, when did you write, I finished. 2. I have already had. 3. What's the weather like? Is it still raining? — No, it has stopped raining. 4. I have lost. 5, I have not met. 6. Nina has just finished. 7. Where is Sergei, he has gone, he left. 8. What are you reading, I am reading. 9. They read, have you read. 10. My watch has stopped, there is. 11. Have you seen, I saw. 12. Have you heard, I have, when did you hear, I heard. 13. You have changed, has anything happened.

Упражнение 238

1. With whom did you discuss, 2. I have seen. 3. E entered, I saw, my mother was standing, cutting, she was cooking. 4. I heard, I ran, saw, a child was lying, crying, what has happened, why are you crying, have you hurt. 5. They went. 6. They have been. 7. He came, had, read, began. 8. When did your friend return, she returned, did you go, I didn't, I was. 9. Has your brother returned, he came. 10. Have you been, when were you, I was. 11. Where is your brother, he has just come, he is taking. 12. I saw, I understood, he was working, he was writing, did not notice. 13. I came, the children were running and singing, we have learnt. 14. The young man entered, she looked, what do you want, she said, why have you come. 15. It was raining, I left, I returned, put, started. 16. Are you working, I am preparing. 17. That is, it is, I've just taken. 18. Where did you learn. 19. Have they already thought, have they bought, Mark has just ordered, he has mentioned, he hasn't ordered, he has thought, the shop has charged. 20. Why are you shivering, I am shivering, I am. 21. I have sprained. 22. A world-famous violinist is playing. 23. The children were playing.

Упражнение 239

1. Tom returned. 2. Tom had returned. 3. I finished. 4. I had finished. 5. He thought, he had lost. 6. Ann told, she had seen. 7. I came, mother had already cooked. 8. Father returned, we had already done. 9. The teacher entered, the pupils had already opened. 10. Kate gave, she had bought. 11. Nick showed, he had drawn. 12. The boy gave, he had brought. 13. Mother saw, Nick had not washed. 14. The teacher understood, Lena had not done. 15. I knew, my friend had not yet come. 16. I woke, father had already gone, 17. Nick thought, his father had not yet come. 18. Mary told, she had cooked. 19. I found, I had lost. 20. We came, the train had already left.

Упражнение 240

1. The teacher had examined. 2. I remembered, I had left. 3. My friends were, I had passed. 4. Poor Oliver lay, Sikes had left. 5. He opened, looked, tried, what had happened. 6. All the passengers saw, the old man had travelled. 7. We came, he had returned. 8. My friend visited, he had lived. 0. They entered, the performance had begun. 10. My mother told, she had received. 11. Where had you worked, you went. 12. He had known, he visited. 13. Lanny said, he had got. 14. The boy wanted, he had organized. 15. Lanny did not know, who had attacked. 16. The girl was, she had found. 17. He remembered, he had not rung. 18. The train reached, he had made. 19. My uncle had left, he hurried. 20. She thought, Gert and Lanny had quarrelled.

Упражнение 241

1. I had done, I was playing. 2. Father had come, he was having. 3. Grandmother had washed, she was watching. 4. I met, he was eating, he had bought. 5. Father came, we were cooking, we had gathered. 6, I saw, she was sorting, she had picked. 7. I came, I saw, my little brother had broken, was playing. 8. I opened, I saw, the teacher had already come, the pupils were writing. 9. I came, my sister was reading, she had brought. 10. Mother came, the children were eating, she had cooked. 11. I rang, he was still learning, he had begun. 12. I looked, the children were playing, Pete had brought. 13. The children had settled, they were watching.

Top

Упражнение 242

We went, we took, the bus was, a lot of people wanted, we got, went, we were crossing, I saw, he was standing, he was waiting, who had come, wished, a man came, Ihad, two boys had just asked, he had, we entered, thefootball players were coming, we met, he showed and asked, I had played, we agreed.

Упражнение 243

1. There were, one of them was writing, the other was reading. 2. He did not tell, he had received. 3. I asked, he knew, she lived, I said, I did not know. 4.He asked, I could. 5. She said, he had given. 6. I asked, he had put. 7. He told, they had spent. 8. I was sitting, thinking, the door suddenly opened, I had not seen, entered. 9. She came, we were having, it was, I saw. 10. I saw, he was leaving. 11. I had not seen, we met. 12. He had left, I had. 13. He felt, wanted. 14. I thought, he had already gone. 15. I found, he was talking, who were standing. 16. He spoke (was speaking), we had never heard. 17. He told, he had learnt. 18. He entered, took, went.

Упражнение 244

1. I returned, I had lost, I came, I saw, who was standing, he was waiting, he had lost. 2. I woke, it was, I called, nobody answered, he had already left. 3. I went, the rain had stopped, the sun was shining, the birds were singing, the morning was. 4. The rain had stopped, I looked, saw, who was standing. 5. They told, he had left. 6. I didn't find, I was, the train had left. 7. He wanted, he had lived. 8. The email had come, he left. 9. She looked, she had worked. 10. When did she finish.

Упражнение 245

1. He came. 2. She has finished. 3. He had translated. 4.1 have never been. 5. We worked. 6. I had had. 7. I have not seen. 8. When did you see. 9. My sister has already graduated. 10. His brother had broken. 11. I have seen. 12. Have you ever been. 13. They were cooking. 14. I have just seen. 15. She was playing. 16. She has drawn. 17. I was talking. 18. My favourite TV programme had begun, I came. 19. I have not eaten. 20. She had not read. 21. She was doing, I came. 22. She has found. 23. I have answered. 24. He has just spent.

Упражнение 246

1. We lived, went. 2. My sister spent. 3. She has lost. 4. All the children had returned. 5. Columbus discovered. 6. Columbus did not know, he had discovered. 7. I have already read. 8. He had discussed, he took. 9. Mother has baked. 10. She was reading. 11. I have never been. 12. They told, you had got. 13. When did you receive. 14. Our grandmother was cooking. 15. She has bought. 16. They travelled. 17. We have not seen. 18. They ate, I had brought. 19. The children had had, they went. 20. Have you ever been. 21. They were sitting, listening, who was telling. 22. My friend has just rung. 23. I was standing, it began. 24. We have not skated. 25. I had promised.

Упражнение 247

1. Her son has finished. 2. My brother was training. 3. My sister has bought. 4. I have not danced. 5. Nick came, his friends were playing. 6. When did your sister go. 7. My friend has just recovered. 8. I have never been. 9. We were talking. 10. I spoke. 11. Kate has washed. 12. Has your mother returned. 13. She was doing. 14. The cat drank, I had given. 15. Have you ever been. 16. He has not read. 17. They had reached. 18. I have not yet received. 19. She had forgotten. 20.We have already studied. 21. He spent. 22. I have bought. 23. He had learnt, he went. 24. She had spent, she went.

Упражнение 248

1. My friend likes, he eats, I met, he was eating, he told, he had bought, he is eating. 2. I always come. 3. I came. 4. Nick will not go, he was, he has already been, he will stay and play. 5. What is your brother doing. 6. My father works, it is, he isn't working, he is reading. 7. I haven't seen, have you been, I've had, you know. 8. What was he doing, he wasn't doing, he was just looking. 9. We are having, I am. 10. Something awful has happened, her little daughter has swallowed. 11. She asked, I had seen. 12. The boys had done, they went.

Упражнение 249

1. We have brought. 2. Jane is swimming. 3. What were they doing. 4. Have you ever seen. 5. I went. 6. We go. 7. Nick had done. 8. Will you help. 9. Nick came, his mother had returned, was cooking. 10. I was going, I suddenly remembered, I had forgotten. 11. Grandfather told, he had worked. 12. Mr and Mrs Smith arrived, they discovered, someone had broken, their video recorder and television had disappeared, they don't know, they have done. 13. The man got, the conductor was collecting.

Упражнение 250

1. He is working, he will finish, you come, he will be. 2. Has Pete gone, I think, he usually plays, he is not. 3. He was reading. 4. Will you go, I am, I am doing, I have not yet written, you wait, I shall go, I want, I haven't had. 5. The children had done, mother came, she came, they were playing. 6. I lost, I was playing. 7. You come. 8. Where do you usually borrow. 9. He has ever seen.

Top

Признаки основных форм в глагольной системе английских времен.

Грамматическая категория времени передает отношение действия к моменту речи. Соответственно, глагол может иметь формы настоящего, прошедшего и будущего времени. Название любого из двенадцати английских времен начинается с одного из трех слов: Present, Past, Future. Есть четыре вида настоящего, четыре вида прошедшего и четыре вида будущего, которые известны как Simple, Progressive, Perfect и Perfect Progressive. Особое внимание учащимся следует обратить на ключевые слова, так как именно они помогают сориентироваться, какой вид глагола в каждом времени следует использовать, чтобы точно передать смысл высказывания.

Признаки SIMPLE
Настоящее время (PRESENT SIMPLE):
do, does в вопросах;
в утвердительных предложениях - окончание -s в 3-м лице ед. числа
.

Слова:
every day - каждый день,

usually - обычно,

often - часто,

always - всегда,

never - никогда,

sometimes - иногда.

  • Таблицa Present Simple Tense. Cпряжение глагола to work


  • Прошедшее время (PAST SIMPLE):

    did в вопросах;
    в утвердительных предложениях - окончание -ed у правильных глаголов,

    неправильные глаголы берутся из 2-го столбца таблицы неправильных глаголов.


    Ключевые слова, устанавливающие связь между видами глаголов в русском и английском языках:
    yesterday - вчера,

    a minute ago - минуту назад,

    two days (hours, months, years) ago
    - два дня (часа, месяца, года) назад,

    last week (month, year) - на прошлой неделе, (в прошлом месяце, в прошлом году).

  • Таблицa Past Simple Tense. Cпряжение глагола to work - правильные глаголы.


  • Будущее время (FUTURE SIMPLE):

    Will в вопросительных, отрицательных и утвердительных предложениях, для всех лиц и чисел, основа смыслового глагола без изменений.

  • Таблицa Future Simple Tense. Cпряжение глагола to work.



  • Признаки PROGRESSIVE (CONTINUOUS):

    1. to be;
    2. окончание смыслового глагола -ing во всех формах.


    Настоящее время, длительный вид (PRESENT PROGRESSIVE):

    Личные формы am, is, are в вопросительных, отрицательных и утвердительных предложениях,

    к основе смыслового глагола добавляется -ing.


    Ключевые слова:
    now - сейчас,

    at the moment - в данный момент,

    Look! - Смотри!

  • Таблицa Present Continuous Tense. Cпряжение глагола to work.


  • Прошедшее время, длительный вид (PAST PROGRESSIVE):

    Формы глагола to be в прошедшем времени:
    was для единственного числа,
    were - для множественного,
    к основе смыслового глагола добавляется -ing.


    Слова, устанавливающие связь между временами глаголов в английском и русском языке:
    when I came - когда я пришел,

    while you were reading - пока ты читал,

    yesterday at 5 pm - вчера в 5 часов вечера.

  • Таблицa Past Continuous Tense. Cпряжение глагола to work.


  • Будущее время, длительный вид (FUTURE PROGRESSIVE):

    Will be для всех лиц и чисел, основа смыслового глагола + -ing.

    Ключевые слова, устанавливающие связь между видами глаголов в русском и английском языках:
    tomorrow at 7 am - завтра в семь часов утра,

    when you come (в придаточных времени и условия - настоящее время вместо будущего!) - когда вы придете,

    while you are reading - пока ты будешь читать.

  • Таблицa Future Continuous Tense. Cпряжение глагола to write.



  • Признаки PERFECT

    1. to have;
    2. окончание - ed добавляется к основе правильных глаголов,
    неправильные глаголы берутся из 3-го столбца таблицы неправильных глаголов.


    Настоящее время, совершенный вид (PRESENT PERFECT):

    Формы глагола to have в настоящем времени:

    has для 3-го лица единственного числа,
    have - для всех остальных лиц и чисел,

    Слова:
    already — уже
    not yet — нет еще
    just - только что
    ever — когда-либо

  • Таблицa Present Perfect Tense. Cпряжение глагола to write.